1. Galileo most important theory
    Earth not center of universe, Sun is center of universe
  2. Why did Galileo cause problems with his theories
    Against pope
  3. Galileo born
    Pisa, Italy
  4. Galileo died
    Florence, Italy
  5. Galileo's tomb
    Villa San Croche in Florence, Italy
  6. Science as Early Origin
    • World is power and Unexplainable
    • Spiritual Control
    • Benevolent and Evil
  7. Early Origin and what to do:
    • attempts to appease spirits
    • some individuals realize rituals have no impact
    • beginning of logic
  8. Logic
    an orderly system to understand nature from observed data
  9. History and Early Greeks
  10. Aristotle
    Origin of physical science (world and life sciences)
  11. morphology
    how things look
  12. physiology
    how things work
  13. Philosophy
    • Observation
    • Categorization
    • Deduction
  14. Observation
    Some objects float, some sink
  15. Categorization
    Floaters vs Sinkers
  16. Deduction
    • less dense float
    • more dense sink
  17. Aristotle worked on
    • Planetary motion
    • Changes in physical composition of matter
    • Descriptions of living stuff (no experiments)
    • Not supernatural world
    • Developed natural laws
    • Dominated until 1500s (supported by pope) - lead to trouble since tested
  18. Science as scholastic appraoch
    • Students studied work of Aristotle
    • Little testing
    • No critical review of previous work
    • Pseudoscience (sort of science ex. astrology)
    • Dark ages - religion and magic
    • World according to diving plan (popes and faith and illiteracy)
    • Miraculous events-fires and floods
    • Emerging science versus church doctorine
  19. People who controverse church doctrine
    • Copernicus - Sun is center of universe
    • Galileo - Evidence that Copernicus was correct
  20. Scientific Revolution as Science
    • Early 1500-1800
    • Renaissance
    • Science as a process
    • Active questioning
  21. Key Characters Scientific Revolution
    • Newton - celestial motion and gravity
    • Bacon - Scientific method
    • Darwin - Evolution, adaptation and natural selection
  22. Science as Royal Society
    • Founded in 1660 in England
    • Quality control in science
    • Experimental science vs. observational
    • Peer Review - "quality control"
    • Publication of results
    • Oldest continuously functioning scientific society
  23. Above the door in royal society
    "on the word of no one"
  24. The Mechanical Universe as a science
    • Galileo and Newton
    • Mathematical approach
    • Same physics apply to all parts of universe
    • applies to non-living and living
    • Rejection
  25. Rejection of mechanical universe
    • Vitalism - vital spark in living things
    • Teleology - purpose and plan for universe
  26. Science by and for everyone as a science
    • At all intellectual levels
    • Formal teaching dulled inquisitiveness
    • Science is a tool
    • What we do with science is a societal issue
Card Set
Exam 1