1. He was the president of the United States when the stock market crashed and the U.S. plunged into the worse depression ever.
    Herbert Hoover
  2. He was the President elected in 1920 who promised to return the United States to "normalcy".
    Warren G. Harding
  3. He was the president who took over when the president was assassinated; he then was elected in 1924 on his own standing; prior to his service as vice president and then president, he was the Governor of Massachusetts.
    Calvin Coolidge
  4. He was the President who vowed to bring the economy our of the Depression with his New Deal programs
    Franklin D. Roosevelt
  5. He was the President during WWI; he was disappointed that his League of Nations was not approved and his party faced defeat in the 1920 election as well.
    Woodrow Wilson
  6. Often acted as FDR's eyes and ears; helped develop polocies to help the poor during the Depresseion by constantly reminding the president of the needs of the people.
    Eleanor Roosevelt
  7. Served as the first female cabinet official; Secretary of Labor.
    Francis Perkins
  8. First female to swim the English Channel.
    Gertrude Ederle
  9. First person to complete a trans-Atlantic flight by flying from New York to Paris nonstop.
    Charles Lindbergh
  10. Leader of the United Mine Workers who called for a strike in 1919; eventually President Wilson called for arbitration in the strike and he bacame a hero for work on behalf of the miners.
    John L. Lewis
  11. The most famous bootlegger of the 1920s who eventually went to jail for tax evasion because the government couldn't prove any of his other illegal activities.
    Al Copone
  12. Famous jazz trumpet player during the 1920s
    Louis Armstrong
  13. Attorney General of the United States who became convinced that radicals were undermining American calues and so led the justice department to raid homes of suspected communitst, socialists, and anarchists.
    A. Mitchell Palmer
  14. He was a critic of FDR's New Deal who felt the program should do more; he advocated an "old age pension plan" which eventually was passed in the for of Social Security.
    Francis Townsend
  15. He was the general Hoover sent out to break up the Bonus Army which had marched on D.C. demanding early payment of the money that Congress had promised to pay them.
    Douglas MacArthur
  16. He wrote The Grapes of Wrath, a novel about Oklahomans who left the Dust Bowl to start a new life.
    John Steinbeck
  17. He was the first Roman Catholic to ever run for President in 1928; he lost to Hoover
    Alfred E. Smith
  18. He was the Secretary of Interior under Harding who got into trouble for the Teapot Dome Scandal.
    Albert Fall
  19. Helped organize FDR's "black cabinet"; appointed head of a special department of the National Youth Administration Office of Minority Affairs.
    Mary McLeod Bethune
  20. He starred in the first major talking movie The Jazz Singer
    Al Jolson
  21. Moved the Presidential inauguration from March to January
    20th Amendment
  22. Gave more credibility to unions; also called the National Labor Relations Act.
    Wagner Act
  23. Allowed homeowners to get lower interest rates and farmers to refinance their loans to avoid foreclosure.
    Fed. Home Loan Act
  24. Established the Ferderal Depositors Insurance Corporation that insured deposits made in banks up to $5,000.
    Glass-Steagall Act
  25. Agreement made between 64 nations who renounced war as an instrument of national policy
    Kellogg-Briand Pact
  26. Raised protective tariff to the highest rate in United States history; further hurt the economy ofthe U.S. because it caused trade to decrease.
    Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act
  27. Agreement between the United States, Britain, France, Italy and Japan in which all countries promised to reduce the size of their navies.
    Five Power Treaty
  28. Practice by the gov. in which the gov. promises to buy up certain products at a set price in an effort to cause the price of the item to rise.
    price support
  29. Practice of purchasing stock by paying a small percentage of the value of the stock and borrowing the remainder.
    on margin
  30. Practice by the gov. whereby teh gov. pays money or gives items to people in times of need.
    direct relief
  31. Practice of buying household items and paying for them over a period of time rather than paying up front for the items
    installment plan
  32. President of the United States during the Spanish-American War
  33. President who previously serced in the Spanish-American War as a leader of the Rough Riders, then was governor of New York
  34. Hand-picked replacement of a President; later he served on the Supreme Court
  35. President of Princeton University before serving as governor of New Jersey and then President of the United States
  36. Heir to the Austrian throne who was assassinated. This was the spark that started WWI
    Franz Ferdinand
  37. Filipino rebel leader who helped the U.S. defeat Spain in the Philippines, but then turned and fought against the U.S. because the Philippines did not get independence as soon as the war was over as they had hoped.
    Emilio Aguinaldo
  38. Mexican revel leader who raided several cities. The president of the United States sent troops into Mexico to capture him.
    Francisco "Pancho" Villa
  39. Leader of Italy at the peace conference that ended WWI
    Vittorio Orlando
  40. Leader of Germany during most of WWI; later abdicated (gave up) the throne when a new gov. took power at the end of the war
    Kaiser Wilhelm II
  41. Leader of France during the peace conference that ended WWI; wanted Germany to pay for the damages of the war and wanted to develop a demilitarized (safe zone) between Germany and France.
    Georges Clemenceau
  42. Spanish leader in Cuba who was called "The Butcher." Treated Cubans very harshly and stories of his cruelty spread through the U.S.
    Valeriano Weyler
  43. American general who led missions to capture Mexican rebels who were invading the U.S. and raiding towns; also served as the leader of the American Expeditionary Force during WWI.
    John J Pershing
  44. Naval leader who wrote a book called The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
    Alfred T. Mahan
  45. Yellow journalist whose newspapers published sensational stories of abuse of Cubans and the U.S. need for involvement in a war against Spain.
    Joseph Pulitzer
  46. African American leader who organized the NAACP
    W.E.B. DuBois
  47. Author of The Jungle, a book that exposed unsanitary, unhealthy business pratices int he meat packing industry.
    Upton Sinclair
  48. Leader of the American Socialist Party. Ran for president several times including one time during WWI from prison.
    Eugene V. Debs
  49. Leader of the womens' suffrage movement. Amendment was named for this person.
    Susan B. Anthony
  50. Secretary of State for the U.S. responsible for the treaty that led to the U.S. building a canal through Panama; also issued the Open Door Notes that led to the U.S. use of the Open Door policy in China.
    John Hay
  51. Was the peace agreement negotiated by Teddy Roosevelt between Russia and Japan
    Treaty of Portsmouth
  52. Was the peace agreement that ended the Spanish-American War
    Treaty of Paris
  53. Was the peace agreement that ended WWI
    Treaty of Versailles
  54. Provided for the draft of men into military service
    Selective Service Act
  55. Lowered tariffs for the first time since the Civil War
    Underwood Act
  56. Made unions legal; regulated trusts
    Clayton Act
  57. Regulated railroads so that they treated people more fairly
    Hepburn Act
Card Set
U.S. History Exam flashcards