1. I.                   The Path to War in Asia
    • a.      war in Asia arose form ambitions of Japan, whose rise to world power was quick
    •                                                               i.      defeated China and Russia and took over Germany’s eastern and Pacific colonies in WWI
  2. 1933
    • a.      1933: Japanese Empire included Korea, Formosa, etc.
    •                                                               i.      earl 1930s: Japan was experiencing severe internal tensions
    • 1.      population (30à80 million)   
    • a.      ability to sustain these people was form industrial goods and textiles
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      in 1930s, when West put tariff barriers to protect economies, Japan had economic/ political downfall
  3. Japan slow
    • a.      Japan also saw slow growth of political democracy with universal male suffrage in 1924 and come up of mass political parties until economic crisis
    •                                                               i.      right wing patriotic socieeities allied selves with army and navy to push expansion at expense of China and Soviet Union, while navy wanted to mae Japan self-sufficient in raw materials by conquering British Malaya and Dutch East Indies
  4. 1935
    • a.      1935: constructed modern naval fleet and armed forces influenced government
    • b.      Japanse Goals in East Asia
    •                                                               i.      Sept 1931, Japanese soldiers seized Manchuria (resourceful)à protoestsà condemnation by League of Nationsà Japan withdraws from League and consolidates hold on Manchuria and renames it Manchukuo and expands control into North China
    • 1.      military+ govrement+ armed forcesàeffective control of politics
  5. Victim
    • a.      prime victim of Tokyo’s militarnt strategy was China
    •                                                               i.      clashes between Chinese and Japanese troops broke outà  Chinese Naitonalist leader, Chiang Kai-shek, sought to appease Tokyo by granting Japan authority over North China
  6. Japan moved
    • 1.      as Japan moved south, protests of Chinese against Japanese
    • a.      clashà Chinese don’t apologizeà hostile
    • b.      Japan didn’t plan to war with China, but since no compromise and an incident occurred, Japanese seized Chinese capital (Nanjing), raping and killing civilians
  7. Chiang
    •                                                               i.      Chiang Kai-shek didn’t fall and moved government upriver to Hankou
    •                                                             ii.      Japanese hoped to force Chiang to join Japanese dominated new order in East Asia, comprising Japan, Manchuria, and China
    • purpose: to seize Soviet Siberia an dcreate new “Monroe Doctrine for Asia”  with Japan leading neighbors to prosperity
  8. late 1930s
    • a.      late 1930s: Japan began cooperating with Nazi Germany hoping for joint attakck and division of Soviet Union
    •                                                               i.      Japan shocked at German-Russian alliance and turned attention to SE Asia, which risked war with Brits and France and others, like US
  9. Vietnam
    1.      Japan otok Vietnamà Americans cut off sails of iron and oil to Japanà Japan attacks America
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