Psychology Chapter 11

  1. Emotion
    A state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action, all shaped by cultural rules
  2. Primary Emotions
    Emotions considered to be universal and biologically based; they generally include fear, anger, sadness, joy, surprise, disgust, and contempt
  3. Secondary Emotions
    Emotions that develop with cognitive maturity and vary across individuals and cultures
  4. Facial Feedback
    The process by which facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed
  5. Two Factor Theory of Emotion
    The theory that emotions depend on both physiological arousal and cognitive interpretation of that arousal
  6. Display Rules
    Social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express emotions
  7. Emotion Work
    Expression of an emotion that the person does not really feel, often because of a role requirement
  8. Mood Cognition
    Facial expressions of emotion can actually generate emotions in others, creating mood cognition
  9. Amygdala
    Amygdala is a small structure in the brain that plays a key role in emotion, especially fear 
  10. Prefrontal Cortex
    Provides the cognitive ability to override this initial appraisal. Emotions generally involve the motivation to approach or withdraw;  regions of the left prefrontal cortex appear to be specialized for the motivation to approach others as with happiness and anger. The right prefrontal cortex is specialized for withdrawal or escape as with disgust and fear
  11. Epinephrine and Norepinephrine 
    They produce a state of physiological arousal to prepare the body for an output of energy. But different emotions are also associated with different biochemical responses and different patters of autonomic nervous system activity
  12. Polygraph
    Lie detector, low reliability
  13. Display Rules and Body Language 
    Culture strongly influences the display rules and body language that regulate how people express their emotions. The ability to synchronize moods through body language is important for smooth interactions 
  14. Emotion work
    The effort a person makes to display an emotion he does not feel but feels obligated to convey
Card Set
Psychology Chapter 11