1. What is the Good Samaritan Law?
    It protects a person who acts reasonably to help another person fro being held liable for errors or omissions that may occur.
  2. What does the Good Samaritan Law do to protect responders?
    It can provide lawsuit immunity or provide a defense if you do get sued.
  3. What will a Good Samaritan Law not do?
    It will not prohibit people from suing, nor will it protect the provider who has committed gross,wanton, or willful negligence
  4. What 4 provisions must responders meet to be protected under the Good Samaritan Law?
    • 1. Act in good faith
    • 2. Act within scope of their training
    • 3. Expect no compensation
    • 4. Not be negligent.
  5. What is the National EMS Scope of Practice Model?
    It is a set of guidelines tha define the skill sets that should be expected of each level of EMS
  6. Who actually defines the scope of practice?
    • 1. State Law
    • 2. Medical director may further define the scope of practice for providers in his own service.
  7. Practicing outside your scope of practice is called _________?
  8. What are the 5 functions of the Medical Director?
    • 1.  Authorizes EMTs to provide care in the field
    • 2.  Writes the standing orders and protocols
    • 3.  Provides ongoing working liaison between medical community, hospitals, and EMT's
    • 4.  Makes decisions about treatment problems or difficult situations that arise in the field
    • 5.  Determines and approves EMT training
  9. What is CISD/CISM?
    It stands for Critical Incident Stress Debriefing or Critical Incident Stress Management.  This is a system of helping personnel handle acute stress situations and reduce the incidence of PTSD.
  10. When do the defusing and debriefing sessions of CISM/CISD take place?
    Defusing: During or immediaely after the event

    Debriefing: 27-72 hours after the incident
  11. What is a CISM/CISD debriefing session about?
    These sessions, held 1-3 days after a stressful event, are suppsoed to give personnel a chance to discuss pent-up emotions.  Peers and mental health professionals  discuss emotions surrounding the event.  These sessions are about emotions, not an operational critique.
  12. What is a CISM/CISD defusing session about?
    The defusing session is held during or immediately after the event.  It is an informal discussion that should educate personnel as to the the emotions they might experience in the coming days and to give them ideas how to deal with these emotions.
  13. What are the 3 basic Universal Precautions?
    1.  Assume every patient is potentially infected and contagious

    2.  Practice proper handwashing technique.

    3.  Gloves and Eye Protection are the standard any time you expect to come in contact with blood or body fluids.
  14. What does NTSHA stand for and what do they do?
    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.  They set the standards for EMS in the United States.
  15. What does the IDPH do?
    Illinois Department of Public Health issues our licences.
  16. What is NAEMSA and why should I care?
    They are the National Association of EMS Educators.  They set forth the standards of Education for EMS Providers
  17. Name the 4 valves of the heart
    Tricuspid, Pulmonary,Mitrial, Aortic
  18. Where is the tricuspid valve located?
    between the right atrium and the right ventricle
  19. Whaere is the pulmonary valve?
    between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
  20. Where is the mitrial valve?
    Between the left atrium and the left ventricle
  21. Where is the Aortic valve?
    Between the left ventricle and the aorta
  22. What are the 4 steps of handwashing technique?
    • 1.  Apply soap to hands
    • 2.  Rub together for at least 20 seconds.  Pay attention to the nails
    • 3.  Rinse with warm water
    • 4.  Dry with paper towel, then use paper towel to turn off faucet.
  23. What is Assault?
    Unlawfully placing a person in fear of immediate bodily harm.
  24. What is battery?
    unlawfully touching a person; includes rendering care without consent.
  25. What is the difference between kidnapping and false imprisonment?
    Kidnapping is the seizing, confining  or carrying away of a person by force.  Kidnapping is a criminal action.  EMTs are more likely to face a civil suit for false imprisonment, which is the unlawful confinement of a person for an appreciable amount of time.
  26. Define Negligence.
    Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide
  27. Define Abandonment
    Unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient's consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs of the patient.
  28. Define Duty to Act
    A medicolegal term relating to certain personnel who either by statute or by function have a responsibility to provide care.
  29. What is a Base Station?
    Any radio hardware containing a transmitter and receiver that is located in a fixed place.Search by term:
  30. What is a repeater radio system?
    A special base station radio that receives messages and signals on one frequency and then automatically retransmits them on a second frequency.
  31. What is the White Paper?
    It's whole name is Accidental Death and Disability: the Neglected Disease of Modern Society.  Published in 1966, it lead directly to the Highway Safety Act of 1966, (NHTSA) and the Emergency Medical Act of 1973 (Dept of Health and Human Services), which created funding and programs to develop imoroved systems or prehospital emergency care.
  32. Why is Continuous Quality improvement important?
    Continuous quality improvement provides an ongoing system of audits and reviews that ensures that the public receives the highest standard of patient care.
  33. What does appropriate patient care mean to an EMT?
    It is important that every patient be treated with compassion and understanding. Even though you may feel that a call is not a real emergency, the person who activated the 9-1-1 system believes it was.
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