Medical Terms 2 Ch18 & 19

  1. ovaries
    located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg production, estrogen and progesterone secretion
  2. testes
    two glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male; responsible for sperm production and testosterone secretion
  3. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
    secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland, ADH increases the reabsorption of water by the kidney.
  4. cortisol
    secreted by the adrenal cortex; increases blood sugar. It is secreted in the times of stress and has an anti inflammatory effect
  5. estrogen
    female hormone secreted by the ovaries, examples are estradiol and estrogen
  6. Growth Hormone (GH)
    secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates growth of bones and soft tissue
  7. insulin
    secreted by the beta islet cell of the pancreas; insulin lowers blood sugar by transport and conversion of glucose to glycogen (animal starch)
  8. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
    secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone secretion in males.
  9. progesterone
    secreted by the ovaries; prepares the uterus for pregnancy
  10. testosterone
    male hormone secreted by the testes
  11. electrolyte
    mineral salt in the blood and tissue and necessary for proper functioning. Examples are potassium, calcium, and sodium
  12. hormone
    substance secreted by an endocrine gland that travels through the blood to a distant organ or gland where it influences the structure and function of that gland or organ
  13. steroid
    complex substance related to fats; of which many hormones are made
  14. adrenopathy
    disease condition of adrenal glands
  15. gonadotropin
    hormone that stimulate sex glands
  16. androgen
    male hormone secreted by the testes. Example is testosterone
  17. endocrinologist
    specialist in the study of endocrine glands
  18. estrogenic
    pertaining to produced by a female
  19. glycogen
    animal starch that can be converted to glucose by the liver
  20. hypokalemia
    blood condition of low potassium in the blood
  21. somatotrophin
    growth hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
  22. exophthalmia
    condition of protruding eyeballs
  23. en bloc resection
    tumor is removed along with a large area of surrounding tissue containing lymph nodes
  24. excisional biopsy
    removal of tumor and a margin of normal tissue
  25. linear accelerator
    large electronic device that produces high energy x-ray beams for the treatment of deep-seated tumors
  26. radiosensitive tumor
    tumor in which radiation can cause the death of cells without serious damage to surrounding tissue
  27. antibiotics
    chemical substance produced by bacteria or fungus. They inhibit the growth of cells and are used in cancer chemotherapy
  28. anaplasia
    loss of differentiation; reversion to a more primitive cell type
  29. benign
    noncancerous growth
  30. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
    genetic material within the nucleus of a cell; controls cell division and protein synthesis.
  31. invasive
    having the ability to enter and destroy tissue
  32. metastasis
    spread of a malignant tumor to a secondary site
  33. protocol
    detailed plan for treatment of illness
  34. Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
    cellular substance that, like DNA, play an important role in protein synthesis
  35. carcinoma in situ
    localized tumor cells that have not invaded adjacent structure.
  36. mutagenic
    pertaining to causing genetic change
  37. hyperplasia
    condition of excessive growth
  38. bone marrow biopsy
    aspiration of bone marrow tissue and examination under the microscope for evidence of malignant cells
  39. needle biopsy
    insertion of a needle into tissue to remove cells for microscopic examination.
  40. radionuclide scans
    radioactive substance that are injected intravenously, scans of organs
  41. adenocarcinoma
    cancerous tumor of gland
  42. cryosurgery
    use of subfreezing temperature to destroy tissue
  43. electrocauterization
    process of burning with electricity
  44. relapse
    return of symptoms of disease
  45. radiation
    energy carried by a stream of particles
Card Set
Medical Terms 2 Ch18 & 19
45 Terms defined