APUSH Chapter 29

  1. entitlement programs
    Government benefits that certain qualified individuals are entitled to by law, regardless of need.
  2. Henry Kissinger
    United States diplomat who served under President Nixon and President Ford (born in 1923)
  3. d├ętente
    • relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and
    • China
  4. Vietnamization
    policy of equipping and training of the South Vietnamese to fight for themselves
  5. Kent State shooting
    incident in which National Guard troops fired at a group of students during an antiwar protest at kent state university in ohio, killing 4 people.
  6. My Lai massacre
    Incident in which American troops killed from 175 to 400 Vietnamese villagers
  7. Watergate scandal
    a political scandal that resulted in President Nixon's resignation in 1974
  8. War Powers Act
    Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort
  9. National Organization for Women (NOW)
    Organization formed in 1966 to promote the full participation of women in American society.
  10. Title IX
    federal legislation that prohibited discrimination in education whether in academics or athletics
  11. Equal Rights Amendment
    constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
  12. Phyllis Schlafly
    anti-feminist who led the campaign to defeat the ERA claiming it would undermine the american family
  13. Stonewall riot
    Raid on gay club, where clients fought back. Led to the creation of the Gay Liberation Front and greater solidarity among homosexuals.
  14. affirmative action
    programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
  15. Bakke v. University of California
    Supreme Court case dealing with affirmative action that ruled that affirmative action programs in principle are constitutional, but a strict quota system wasn't.
  16. busing
    achieving racial balance by transporting students to schools across neighborhood boundaries
  17. Warren Court
    time when Earl Warren led the Supreme Court and controversial decisions were made expanding civil rights
  18. Roe v. Wade (1973)
    legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
  19. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) group established in 1960 by some oil-producing nations to coordinate policies on selling petroleum
  20. Silent Spring
    novel by Rachel Carson that started the environmental movement
  21. Ralph Nader
    Consumer rights activist who in the 60s and 70s attacked corporate Americas unsafe products. Wrote book about the auto industry called Unsafe at Any Speed
  22. Environmental Protection Agency
    an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
  23. stagflation
    a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)
  24. Rust Belt
    the north central and northeastern states where major manufacturing centers were once dominant
  25. deregulation
    the act of freeing from regulation (especially from governmental regulations)
  26. Camp David Accords
    A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
  27. Iranian hostage crisis
    1979 kidnapping of American Embassy hostages in Iran. It lasted for more than a year.
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APUSH Chapter 29
1970's Toward a conservative america.