APUSH Chapter 29
Government benefits that certain qualified individuals are entitled to by law, regardless of need.
United States diplomat who served under President Nixon and President Ford (born in 1923)
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and
policy of equipping and training of the South Vietnamese to fight for themselves
Kent State shooting
incident in which National Guard troops fired at a group of students during an antiwar protest at kent state university in ohio, killing 4 people.
My Lai massacre
Incident in which American troops killed from 175 to 400 Vietnamese villagers
a political scandal that resulted in President Nixon's resignation in 1974
War Powers Act
Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort
National Organization for Women (NOW)
Organization formed in 1966 to promote the full participation of women in American society.
federal legislation that prohibited discrimination in education whether in academics or athletics
Equal Rights Amendment
constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
anti-feminist who led the campaign to defeat the ERA claiming it would undermine the american family
Raid on gay club, where clients fought back. Led to the creation of the Gay Liberation Front and greater solidarity among homosexuals.
programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
Bakke v. University of California
Supreme Court case dealing with affirmative action that ruled that affirmative action programs in principle are constitutional, but a strict quota system wasn't.
achieving racial balance by transporting students to schools across neighborhood boundaries
time when Earl Warren led the Supreme Court and controversial decisions were made expanding civil rights
Roe v. Wade (1973)
legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) group established in 1960 by some oil-producing nations to coordinate policies on selling petroleum
novel by Rachel Carson that started the environmental movement
Consumer rights activist who in the 60s and 70s attacked corporate Americas unsafe products. Wrote book about the auto industry called Unsafe at Any Speed
Environmental Protection Agency
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)
the north central and northeastern states where major manufacturing centers were once dominant
the act of freeing from regulation (especially from governmental regulations)
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
Iranian hostage crisis
1979 kidnapping of American Embassy hostages in Iran. It lasted for more than a year.
APUSH Chapter 29
1970's Toward a conservative america.