Chapter 12 Art Appreciation

  1. From the ancient greek word keramakos meaning "of pottery.
    The art of making objects from fired clay.
    Fired in a kiln.
    Often hollow, functional, difficult to fire if clay is solid.
  2. Special forming techniques used in ceramics
    • Slab Construction
    • Coiling
    • Potter's Wheel
  3. Artist rolls out clay into flat peices and then cuts the peices and put them together in geometric shapes.
    Slab Construction
  4. Artists rolls out sausage strands and rolls them around.
  5. Used coiling and smoothed out design. 
    Known for this type of coiling design.
    Responsible for "Blackware".
    Used "slip" - liquid clay
    Maria and Julian Martinez
  6. Fastest technique of creating hollow ceramic.
    A disc rotated by foot or electricity.
    Results in a cylindrical form.
    Artists molds clay with hand - Throwing
    Potters Wheel
  7. Mixture of fine white clay called kaolin and a finely ground petunse - porcelain stone.
    Discovered in china
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    Porcelain dated 18th century, China
  9. Cylica or sand is main ingredient.
    Becomes molten when heated and can be blown into shapes.
    Light can change appearance.
    Very fragile.
    Invented in middle east.
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    Glass dated 1550-1307 bce, egypt
  11. A special branch of glass work is a technique used to permit light to pass through.
    Made by cutting sheets of glass in various colors into small pieces.
    Peices are attached by lead.
    Associated with Gothic times.
    Stained Glass
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    • Tree of Jesse, Stained Glass
    • Chartres Cathedral
    • France 1150
    • Isaiah 11:3
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    Contemproary blown glass technique
    • Dale Chihuly
    • Persian Chandelier
  14. Used for mundane and sublime purposes.
    Not fragile.
    Can rust or corrode. Often melted down.
    Can be heated into a liquid
  15. Metal is shaped by hammer blows.
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    Example of Forging Gold
    • Pair of Royal Earrings, Andhra Pradesh
    • 1st century bce
    • India
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    Example of forging.
    held water used for ritual hand washing.
    • Lion Aquamanile
    • Nuremburg 1400
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    Example of metal work
    Used idea of textile
    Employ materials of poverty
    Bottle caps/copper wire
    El Anatsui
  19. Tends to be found earlier in frech quarter.
    Hand hammered, labor intensive.
    Simpler in design
    Wrought Iron
  20. Can pour metal into casts to get more shapes and detailed in design
    Cast Iron
  21. very Popular
    Easy to work with
    Wdely available
    Not as durable because of it's organix nature
    Used for furniture predominantly
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    • Chair of Hetepheres
    • Egypt
    • 2575 bce
    • Wood and gold leaf
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    Well known West African Carver 
    Commissioned to the king
    • Olowe of Ise
    • Olumeye Bowl - Carved from one peice of wood
    • 20th century
  24. Pliable threadlike strand.
    Almost always from animal or vegetables.
  25. Include silk, wool, and hair of animals
    Animal fibers
  26. Cotton, flax, sisal, grasses
    Vegetable fibers
  27. Highly valued by native americans.
    Produed as gifts.
    Sun stealing???
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    Example of Basketry
    • Feathered basket Pomo
    • 1877
  29. Usually involves using a warp and a weft at right angles to each other.
    Done on a loom
  30. Fibers that are kept taut.
  31. Fibers that are woven thrpugh at 90 degree angel
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    Made by Incas - held textiles in high regard
    Used as form of payment/wealth
    • Tunic from Peru
    • 1500
    • Wool and Cotton
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    Islamic culture
    Usually no representations of humans/animals
    Knotting tufts of wool
    46 knots per square inch, 12,000,000 knots
    • Ardabil Carpet
    • Persia
    • 1539
    • Wool pile on silk warps
  34. Very Popular in the U.S.
    Often associated with women.
    Were made by slaves in the 19th century
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    • Harriett Powers
    • Bible Quilt
  36. Three more rarer materials used
    • Ivory
    • Jade
    • Laquer
  37. Made from teeth or tusks
    Commonly Elephant
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    Ivory Armband
  39. Common name for nephrite and jadite
    brown, white, green
    Extremely hard and cool to touch
    Found in east/central asia and central america
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    • Vase in form of two carp
    • Jade
    • China
    • 18th century
  41. Specific to east Asia.
    Made from the sap of a tree that originally only grew in China.

    Sap is purified in color before beong brushed onto wood
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    Example of feminist art work
    Used female associated craft
    Consists of 39 place settings in honor of women from history
    999 names of women's names on floor
    • Judy Chicago
    • Dinner Party
    • 13 place settigns on each side
Card Set
Chapter 12 Art Appreciation
Art Appreciation