History of Theatre

  1. True beginning of modern movement is said to be started by:
    With the symbolists: Ibsen, Minegan, Sola
  2. Richard Wagner
    • German
    • Composed operas
    • Liked collaboration
    • Coined Gesamtkunstwerk (or master art work)
  3. Ubu Roi
    • Play by Alfred Jarry
    • The world’s first absurdist drama
    • Shows a very grotesque world without human decency
  4. August Strindberg wrote:
    Swedish playwright

    • Miss Julie
    • Dream Plays
    • The Ghost Sonata
    • To Damascus
  5. Benjamin Franklin Wedekind
    Frank Wedekind wrote:
    Spring Awakening
  6. Oscar Wilde wrote:
    • Importance of Being Earnest
    • Lady Windimere’s Fan
  7. John Millington Synge wrote:
    • In the Shadow of The Glen
    • The Playboy of the Western World
    • Riders to the Sea
  8. Dada
    • Calculated madness
    • Grounded in skepticism
    • Came from WWI
    • Sought in their actions to replace logic and reason
  9. Surrealism
    • Free from (reject) everyday logic
    • Tragedy and burlesque fantasy acrobatics
    • Influenced by Freud
    • Subconciouses is a truth
    • Mingled with music, dance, color and light
  10. Expressionism
    • Projecting strong feelings to inanimate objects
    • Opposed realism and naturalism
    • Against surface details
    • Argued that reality is alterable and should be changed until it is brought into harmony with humanity’s spiritual nature
  11. Futurism
    • Past is a barrier to progress (rejects the past) Demanded that libraries and museums be destroyed
    • Glorified energy and the speed of the machine age
    • Transform humanity: progress, future
  12. Theater Cruelty
    • Started by Antonin Artaud
    • Sought to ask the audience to confront itself
    • More important aspects were in the subconscious
    • Had a lot of shrill sound effects; anything to make the audience feeluncomfortable on purpose
    • Used adapted spaces
    • They put acting areas in catwalks or in corners
  13. Epic Theater
    • Alienation
    • Captioning
    • Associated with Bertolt Brecht
    • Mixture of character dramatic technique Wished to create thoughtful contemplation; audience to react critically rather than passively
    • This theater opposed Stanislavsky’s ideals Because…epic theater told the actors to look at their characters in third person; you separate yourself from the character(according to epic theater)
    • What is on stage that relates to your life?Mirror to society
    • You can see the mechanics
  14. Modernism
    • Meyerhold and biomechanics
    • “The Humanist Ideal” rejected
    • A set of universal unchanging values that is the basis ofcivilization; there’s three of them• Art should be depicted representationally• Reduce truth to just the facts, rather then what youknow• Using your own opinion on the facts you have just received
    • Said to have begun with the symbolists
  15. Absurdum
    • Large movement that began in France in the 1950s
    • Human condition is absurd because there is a gap between what people hope and what actually happens. The only remedy for this gap lies within each individual to create their own set of standards
    • Be the change you wish to see; basically making your dreams happen on stage
    • Bring order our of chaos
  16. Existentialism = Hipster
    • Denying the existence of God
    • Cast out conformism
    • “Man is what he does. Man becomes what he choose to be.”
    • Characters make choices, forging their own paths through the play
    • Things aren’t happening to the character, the character is making choices to set things in motion
  17. Brecht wrote:
    • Three Penny Opera
    • Mother Courage and Her Children
    • Caucasian Chalk Circle
  18. Apollinaire wrote:
    The Breasts of Tiresias
  19. Antonin Artaud
    • Said to be the father of theater of cruelty
    • Wrote “The Theater and Its Double”
  20. Federico García Lorca wrote:
    • Blood Wedding
    • House of Bernana Alba
  21. T.S. Elliot wrote:
    Practical Handbook of Cats
  22. Eugene O’Neil wrote:
    • Mourning Becomes Electra
    • The Hairy Ape
    • The Great God Brown
    • The Fountain
  23. Noel Coward wrote:
    • Blithe Spirit
    • Hay Fever
    • Private Lives
  24. Sean O’Casey wrote:
    • Juno and the Pavcock
    • The Plough and the Stars
  25. Clifford Odets wrote:
    • Waiting for Lefty
    • Awake and Sing
    • Paradise Lost
    • Golden Boy
  26. Thornton Wilder wrote:
    • Our Town
    • The Skin of Our Teeth
    • The Merchant of Yonkers
    • The Matchmaker
  27. “The New Stagecraft”
    Robert Edmund Jones was the first Native to do set design§ He’s from the U.S.
  28. The Group Theater
    Launched by Adler, Clurman, and Meisner
  29. The “Little Theatre” Movement
    This led into the community theater
  30. Stanley McCandless
    • Most influential lighting designero
    • Wrote: “A Method for Lighting the Stage”
  31. Samuel Beckett wrote:
    • Waiting for Godot
    • Happy Days
    • Endgame
  32. Vaclav Havel
    • He went from spending time in prison, to becoming the President
    • Wrote: “Garden Party”
  33. Eugene Ionesco wrote:
    • The Bald Soprano
    • The Lesson
    • The Chairs
    • Rhinoceros
  34. John Paul Sarte wrote:
    No Exit
  35. Peter Weiss wrote:
  36. Luigi Pirandello wrote:
    Six Characters in Search of an Author
  37. Constantine Stanislavsky
    actors ego; he was the artistic director of Moscow Art Theatre and he was the chairman for Moscow Society of Arts and Letters
  38. Vsevold Meyerhold
    He was directors ego; biomechanics; he thought of the ugly and dark sideof life
  39. Anton Chekhov
    playwrighters ego; wrote: Seagull, Uncle Vanya, Three Sisters and CherryOrchard
  40. Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko
    he’s the manager of the Moscow Art Theatre; alsoplaywrights ego
  41. Mikhail Chekhov
    the nephew of Anton; he’s characters ego
Card Set
History of Theatre
History of Theatre