1. Fascist organozations
    • a.      Fascist organizations hoped to create new Italian
    •                                                               i.      they reinforced traditional social attitudes, eident in policies about women
    • 1.      they portrayed family as pillar of state and women ans basic foundation of faily who ewre to be home and make babies
    • 2.      female emancipation was “unfascist,” as was employment outside home
    • 3.      also, eliminating women from job market reduced male unemployment figures 
  2. 1930s
    •                                                               i.      1930s: they turned attitude toward women into law with enactments aimed at creating larger families, who were offred supplementary pay, loans, prizes, etc. and moms of many kids received gold metals
    • 1.      national Mother and Chidl Day celebrated with prizes for fertility
    • 2.      decrees passed that set quotas on employment of women; not successful
  3. Despite all this
    • a.      despite all this, he failed to get totalitarian control that Hitler and Stalin got
    •                                                               i.      fascists and he didn’t destroy old power structure
    •                                                             ii.      some institutions never absorbed into Fascist state and managd to maintain their independence
  4. Muss boasted
    1.      Mussolini boasted that he would help workers and peasants, but instead he allied himself with the interests of the industrialists and large landowners at expense of lower classes
  5. Even more indicative
    • a.      Even more indicative of Mussolini’s compromise with the traditional institutiosn of Italy was his attempt to gain support of Catholic Churuch
    •                                                               i.      in the Lateran Accords of Feb 1929, he recognized sovereign independence of small enclave of 109 acres witin Rome, called Vatican City, which remained churhc’s possessison since Italian unity
  6. Also guaranteed
    •                                                               i.      also guaranteed the church a large grant of money and recognized Catholicism as sole relgion; n return, Catholics urged Italians to turn Fascist
  7. Italian Fascists
    • a.      In all areas, there was a noticeable dichotomy  between Fascist ideals and practices
    •                                                               i.      Italian Fascists promised much but devleivered less and soon overshadowned by northern fascist movement
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