ethics quiz 8

  1. descirbe 2-3 ways in which we can read Freud as an existentialist thinker in "the economic problem of masochism"
    • -super-ergo
    • - oedipus complex= daughters wanna be with father and sons with mother
  2. what normative attitudes do Daidoji and the special naval special naval defense corps airmen share?
    - view the importance of loyalty and duty to their country, family, and most importantly their God
  3. What reasons might we have to think the U.S airmen might have written similar letters of the Japanese soliders,  home during WW2
    • -they were mostly likely once put in the field going to die
    • -they were trained for htis and were willing to it for their country and God
  4. what characterizes the Japanese Special naval defense corps airmen's last letters home
    love of country, honor to family, encouraging words to family, proud of the way they are dying
  5. according to daidoji's the beginner's book of bushido, how is a samurai supposed to approach everyday life
    to take care of their health and are moderate in eating and drinkings and aviod the paths of women and being moderate in all things
  6. according to daidoji's the beginners book of bushido, how is a samurai supposed to approach death
    samurai's supposed to approach death by welcoming it because it is inevitable and to not forget death because it keeps them from being careless
  7. what is dishonorable according to daidoji
    forgetting death and taking in unhealthy excess food and wine and women and not living according to duty
  8. what is masochism
    the tendency to derive pleasure especially sexual gratification from ones own pain or humiliation
  9. moral masochism
    seeking unpleasure with out being aware of the masochistic sexual satisfaction this obtained because of unconscious feeling of guilt
  10. what destructive instincts does frued think we all have
    "is the subject must suffer endless self-punishment" because morals and culture have desexualized people and suppresses their natural drives, people turn these to self- destruction. masochist must act against their own self interest and perhaps "destroy his own real existence"
  11. In Mayerfield's "Defense of the Absolute Prohibition of Torture" what is his thesis
    that torture is never okay
  12. In Mayerfield's "Defense of the Absolute Prohibition of Torture" what are major pints in defense of his thesis
    • idealization= adding positive features 
    • abstraction= taking away negative features
    • cherry picking data= data that consider that only supports one positions/ thesis
  13. whats at issue in Euthyphro
    what is holy and unholy
  14. argument by anaolgy
    what is loved is because it is loved or because one says it is loved

    what is carried is carried because it is carried or because they say its carried
  15. essence vs. attributes
    essences= central feature of something 

    attributes= features but do not/ are not essential to something
  16. russellian benefits and losses
    the benefits and losses one obtains in a russellian world 

    some moral obligations will produce no russellian benefi= only loss
  17. moral sentiments
    morals obligations come from moral feelings and attitudes
  18. evolutionary account of morality
    moral obligation help the species to survive (instincts= moral obligations)
  19. mavrodes distinction between feelings and obligations
    feelings and obligations are different and therefore feelings dont from obligations. moral obligations are facts and how we feel about it doesnt change it
  20. Kurt Baiers answer to the question "why be moral"
    we should sometimes set aside self interest to service shared interest
  21. Mavrodes take on freeriding
    it is wrong to think that it is more of a benefit for an individual to act for the shared interests. so while everyone else does for share interest one does not
  22. mavrodes overall argument
    morality in a RW would be really weird there would be obligations that cause losses but they must so there must be a higher power
  23. religious apologies
    explanation or justification
  24. nielsons "crucifxion of the intellect" arg.
    if you believe in God then into order to support that you must kill off your intellect.
Card Set
ethics quiz 8
ethics quiz 8