process and theories
- Hayflick limit
- Repair of genetic material and cross-linking
- Genetically programmed senescence
- Free radicals
- Terminal drop
- programmed time limit for each cell
gradual deterioration of body sys as orgs age. Aging caused by species-specific genes
Narrowing of arteries caused by plaque deposits.
The years in mid/late adulthood when both man&women lose their reproductive capacity
reminiscence is essential to achieve ego integrity and help prepare for death. Can provide foundation for life review.
molecules or atoms that posses an unpaired electron. Oxygen-free radicals.
- Fun-seeking style
- Distant-figure style
- Formal style
Middle adulthood brain development
Selectivity – getting “slower”
- Mid-life transition (40-45) - life structure comes
- into question, usually a time of crisis in the meaning, direction, and value
- of each person's life. neglected parts of the self (talents, desires,
- aspirations) seek expression. Men are seen more as parents than as
- “brothers” to other men who are somewhat younger than them and this message
- comes as an irritation at first. Also at this time, men becoming
- increasingly aware of death and they are reminded of how short life really
- is. They become involved in trying to leave a legacy and this usually
- forms the core of the second half of his life.
Loss of bone mass with age resulting in more brittle/porous bones.
Normal loss of hearing w/ aging. Especially high tones.
Farsightedness (can’t focus on near objects.
- Any situation where 2+ roles area atleast partially incompatible. b/c
- of dif behaviors or the separate demands add up to more hours than there are
- in a day.
- quest for meaning of life may be understood in 4 main needs
- Need for purpose, values, sense of efficacy, self-worth
Recollections of personal events
- older adults maintain higher performance by
- concentrating on strengths
- Shrinkage of life space – interact w/ fewer
- others and fill fewer social roles
- Increasing individuality – much less governed by strict rules/expectations
- Acceptance of these changes- actively disengage from roles/relationships
- sense that one has lived a useful life. Must
- come to terms w/ how she is/has been, how her life has been lived,
- opportunities gained and lost, come to terms with death.
- Career consolidation – social network tied to
- Keeper of the meaning – preserving values of the culture, giving back rather than taking from.
multiple solutions to a problem w/ no clear answer
the ability to reason abstractly. May begin to decline in mid adulthood
- individs accumulated info and verbal skills.
- Continues to increase in mid adulthood