Stages of Growth and Development.txt

  1. Neonatal
    Birth to 28 days

    Behavior is largely reflexive and develops to more purposeful behavior.

    Assist parent to identify and meet unmet needs
  2. Infancy
    1 month to 1 year

    Physical growth is rapid

    Control the infants environment so that physical and psychological needs are met
  3. Toddlerhood
    1 to 3 years

    Motor development permits increased physical autonomy. Psychosocial skills increase

    Safety and risk taking strategies must be balanced to permit growth
  4. Preschool
    3 to 6 years

    the preschoolers world is expanding. New experiences and the preschoolers social role are tried during play. Physical growth is slower

    Provide opportunities for play and social activitiy.
  5. School Age
    6 to 12 years

    Stage includes the preadolescent period (10-12 years) Peer group increasingly influences behavior. Physical, cognitive, and social development increases, and communications skills improve

    Allow time and energy for the school-age chile to pursue hobbies and school activities. Recognize and support child's achievements
  6. Adolescents
    12 to 20 years

    Self-Concept changes with biologic development. Values are tested. Physical growth accelerates. Stress increases, especially in face of conflicts

    Assist adolescents to develop coping behaviors. Help adolescents develop strategies for resolving conflits.
  7. Young Adulthood
    20 to 40 years

    A personal life style develops. Person establishes a relationship with a significant other and a commitment to something

    Accept adults chosen lifestyle and assist with necessary adjustments relating to health. Recognize the persons commitments. Support change as necessary for health.
  8. Middle Adulthood
    40 years to 65 years

    A personal lifestyle develops due to other changes; for example, children leave home, occupational goals change.

    Assist clients to plan for anticipated changes in life, to recognize the risk factors related to health, and to focus on strengths rather than weaknesses.
  9. Young-Old
    65 to 74years

    Adaptation to retirement and changing abilities is often necessary. Chronic illness may develop

    Assist clients to keep physically and socially active to maintain peer group interactions
  10. Middle-Old
    75 years to 84 years

    Adaptation to decline in speed of movement, reaction time, and increasing dependance on others may be necessary.

    Assist clients to cope with loss (hearing, sensory abilities and eyesight, death of loved one) Provide necessary safety measures
  11. Old-Old
    85 and over

    Increasing physical problems may develop

    Assist clients with self-care as required, and with maintaining as much dependance as possible
Card Set
Stages of Growth and Development.txt
Lewis and Clark Nursing Program