Legumes & Fiber Crops

  1. Legume family is also known as the
    pea family
  2. Are legumes dicots or monocots?
  3. Legumes form what type of friuts?
    pod-like fruit
  4. Legumes are _____ in protein?
    typically high
  5. Legumes are ______ in oil seed content?
    typically high
  6. What type of relationship do legumes have with nitrogen fixing rhizobia spp.?
    mustualistic symbiotic
  7. What do Rhizobium do?
    enter the roots and form nodules
  8. What are nodules?
    Rhizobium's home
  9. What happens in the nodules?
    Rhizobium fixes atmospheric nitrogen into a plant usable nitrogen form
  10. What is the scientific name of soybeans?
    Glycine max
  11. What is Glycine max?
  12. What are soybeans mainly used for?
    • mainly oil
    • animal feed
    • biofuel
  13. What type of a plant are soybeans?
    • summer annual
    • dicot
  14. What is the scientific name for peanuts?
    Arachis hypogaea
  15. What is Arachis hypogaea?
  16. What are peanuts used for?
    • mainly human food
    • oil
    • livestock feed
  17. What type of plants are peanuts?
    • summer annual
    • dicot
  18. What is the scientific name for alfalfa?
    Medicago sativa
  19. What is Medicago sativa?
  20. What is alfalfa used for?
    • high quality hay
    • silage
    • animal feed
    • medicine
  21. What type of plant is alfalfa?
    • dicot
    • perennial
    • self-pollinated
    • originated in Iran
  22. What is the problem with legumes?
    When used as a forage, they can cause bloating in livestock
  23. How much cotton is planted annually on average?
    10-11 million acres
  24. How many cotton bales are produced annually on average?
    18-20 million
  25. How many bales come from one module?
  26. How much does a bale weigh?
    500 lbs
  27. What are the top 5 cotton producing states?
    • Texas
    • Georgia
    • Arkansas
    • North Carolina
    • California
  28. What type of plant is cotton?
    • annual
    • dicot
  29. When is cotton planted and harvested?
    • planted- spring
    • harvested- fall
  30. What are the types of cotton?
    • american upland cotton
    • sea island or egyptian cotton
  31. What is the scientific name for american upland cotton?
    Gossypium hirsutum
  32. What is Gossypium hirsutum?
    american upland cotton
  33. What type of fibers are on american upland cotton?
    short staple cotton (short fibers)
  34. What is the most common type of cotton?
    american upland cotton
  35. What is the scientific name for sea island/egyptian cotton?
    Gossypium barbadense
  36. What is Gossypium barbadense?
    sea island/egyptian cotton
  37. What type of fibers are on sea island/egyptian cotton?
    long staple cotton (long fibers)
  38. Where is sea island/egyptian cotton grown?
    restricted to areas with long growing season and lots of water
  39. Lint is measured in?
  40. Cotton seed is measured in?
  41. What type of cotton is used in higher quality textiles?
    long fibers/staples
  42. What type of cotton is used in lower quality textiles?
    short fibers/staples
  43. What is cottonseed used for?
    • less than 24% is used for feed
    • oil
  44. What substance is toxic to monogastrics?
Card Set
Legumes & Fiber Crops
LAb quiz