Middle Ages Terms

  1. witan
    German chief's small advisory council
  2. Mayor of the Palace
    • had real power in kingdom
    • managed palace, supervised land, distributed lan to followers
    • power allowed them to build aristocracy loyal to them
  3. Alcuin of York
    on of the most famous scholars who taught at Charlemagne's school
  4. Feudalism
    • society based on obligations
    • loosely organized system of gov. where local lords governed own lands but owed military service to greater lords
  5. Investiture
    selection and apptment of clergy by secular rulers
  6. Vassal
    lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to greater lord
  7. Liege lord
    first and foremost lord a vassal owed loyalty to
  8. Canon law
    Church's special body of laws
  9. Simony
    selling of church offices
  10. Bourgeoisie
    Middle class
  11. Wergild
    • man's worth
    • settled fights thru bloodshed & revenge/ paying $
  12. Charles Martel
    • first really powerful Mayor of the Palace
    • defeated Muslims in Battle of Tours
  13. Donations of Peping
    Papal States given to Pope by Pepin
  14. Carolingian Miniscule
    capital and lower case developed
  15. Manorialism
    Landlords and peasants' obligations to each other
  16. Fief
    land granted by lord to vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
  17. Tenant-in-Chief
    servant who manages palace for lord
  18. Benedictine Rule
    • Benedict came up with three rules
    • 1)Obedience
    • 2)Poverty
    • 3)Chastity/ purity
  19. Excommunication
    exclusion from the Church as penalty for refusing to obey Church laws
  20. Dominicans/ Franciscans
    • Dominicans= monks, isolated, copied books
    • Franciscans= friars, travelled, preached
  21. Guild
    • Merchant/ artisan groups
    • passed laws and levied tax
    • provided specific service
  22. Franks
    • united by Clovis
    • converted to Christianity under Clovis
    • had ties to Catholic Church
    • became Germans
  23. Battle of Tours
    • 732- Charles Martel defeated Muslim advance to Europe
    • preserved Christian Europe
  24. Charlemagne
    • crowned emperor of Romans by Leo III
    • began calling selves Holy Roman Empire
    • confirmed alliance btwn Pope and Franks
    • wanted to educate people
    • invited scholars to teach in his school
  25. Carolingian Renaissance
    • Charlemagne invited scholars to palace
    • Church was corrupt and didn't do jobs well, Charlemagne tried to reform this
    • different variations in languages
  26. Fealty
    Feudal obligation where vassal was faithful to lord
  27. Demesne
    all land belonging to lord
  28. Serf
    peasant bound to lord's land
  29. papal supremacy
    Pope had power over all secular rulers
  30. Interdict
    excommunication of entire areas
  31. Agricultural Revolution
    • new tech. and procedures
    • three field system
    • iron instead of wooden plows
    • new horse harnesses
    • windmills
  32. Clovis
    • unified Franks
    • converted Franks to Christianity
    • tied Franks to Catholic church
  33. Pepin the Short
    • ended Merovingian rule and began Carolingian rule
    • sent delegation to Pope to become king
  34. Missi Dominici
    • travelling inspectors
    • investigated officials
    • listened to complaints
    • published imperial edicts
    • reported to emperor
  35. Treaty of Verdun
    Louis the Pious sons divide Charlemagne's empire
  36. Homage
    Ceremony where vassal pledged loyalty
  37. Lord
    owns vassals and gives them land for loyalty and service
  38. Caesaropapism
    king has more power than Pope
  39. Gregory VII
    • extended Clunaic reforms to entire church
    • outlawed priest marriage
    • stopped simony
    • stopped investiture
  40. Three Field System
    • 1- grain
    • 2- legumes
    • 3- unplanted
Card Set
Middle Ages Terms
History Middle Ages Terms