1. Whites
    •                                                               i.      The Whites’ inability to agree on a common goal contrasted with Communists’ single-minded sense of purpose
    • 1.      Inspired by vision of a new socialist order, the Communists had the advantage of possessing the determination that comes from revolutionary fervor and revolutionary conviction
  2. Communists sucess
    •                                                               i.      Translating their revolutionary faith in practical instruments of power
    • 1.      Policy of war communism used to ensure regular supplies for the Red army and included nationalization of banks and most industries, the forcible requisition of grain from peasants, and the centralization of state administration under Bolshevik control
  3. Revolutioanry terror
    • 1.      even though old secret police abolished, a new Red secret police (Cheka) replaced it
    • 2.      The Red Terror instituted by the Cheka aimed at nothing less than destruction of all opponents of the new regime
    • a.      the bourgeoisie were enemies
    • 3.      The Cheka promulgated terror against members of all classes, including the proletariat, if they opposed the new regime
    • a.      Thousands were executed
  4. Intervention
    •                                                               i.      intervention of foreign armies enabled Communists to appeal to the powerful force of Russian patriotism
    • 1.      although the Allied Powers intervened in Russia to encourage the Russians to remain in the war, the end of the war on November 11, 1918, had made the purpose inconsequential
  5. Remain of Allied troops
    • 1.      Still, Allied troops remained, and Allied countries didn’t hide their anti-Bolshevik feelings
    • a.      At one point, Brits, Americans, French, and Japanese forces were n Rusia and gave materials to anti-Bolsheviks
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      this intervention by the Allies enabled Communist government to appeal to patriotic Russians to fight the attempts of foreigners to control their country
  6. Allied interference helped..
    • 1.      Allied interference helped Bolshevik cause, but not military difference
    •                                                             ii.      1921: Communists retained control of Russia and transformed Russia into bureaucratically centralized state dominated by a single party
    • 1.      state was largely hostile to the Allied Powers that sought to assist the Bolsheviks’ enemies in the civil war
    • b.      Reason Russian Revolution was possible was because of the collapse of Russia
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