Gov't Unit 6

  1. In order to help separate the federal courts from the influence of politics the framers of the Constitution did all of the following except

    A. forbids former members of congress from being appointed to the courts
  2. Article 5 of the U.S. Constitution specifically states that the Constitution can never be amended to change which of the following?

    A. that all states must have the same number of Senators
  3. The Supreme Court's chief weapon in the system of checks and balances is the

    E. judicial review it exercises
  4. A judicial activist is a judge who holds

    E. that courts should make as well as interpret laws
  5. Which of the following is most likely to be true of an activist judge?

    E. he/she is liberal politically
  6. Which courts are mandated by the U.S. Constitution?

    B. the Supreme Court only
  7. Senatorial courtesy is an especially important consideration in nominations to

    B. district courts
  8. The litmus test is perhaps of greatest importance in nominations to

    D. the Supreme Court
  9. The dual-court system of the U.S. refers to

    C. federal and state courts
  10. California is suing Arizona over the use of the Colorado River. The case will be heard by

    D. the U.S. Supreme Court
  11. A writ of certiorari is issued by

    B. the Supreme Court
  12. Fee shifting refers to the practice of

    E. getting the loser to pay court costs
  13. Under the doctrine of sovereign immunity, a citizen cannot

    E. sue the government without its consent
  14. An amicus curiae ("friend of the court") brief provides the court with the view held by

    B. an organization which is not a direct party to the case, but has interest in the outcome
  15. The procedure of judicial review was clearly established in

    C. Marbury v. Madison
  16. The case of a U.S. citizen bringing a suit against the federal government would be heard first in the

    A. Court of Claims
  17. The term "stare decisis" means

    C. "let the decision stand"
  18. A judicial decision that establishes a rule for settling subsequent cases of similar nature is termed

    C. precedent
  19. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, for example, votes on the side of a majority of Supreme Court justices on a particular case even though her reasoning differs from the others. She may choose to express her reasons in a(n)

    A. concurring opinion
  20. If Justice Clarence Thomas was the only justice on the losing side of a Supreme Court decision he would have to write a(n)

    C. dissenting opinion
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Gov't Unit 6
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