Spoken Language

  1. What are the 5 categories of spoken language?
    • Interactional
    • Referential
    • Expressive
    • Transactional
    • Phatic
  2. Interactional language
    Language of informal speech, it has a social function
  3. Referential language
    Provides the listener with information
  4. Expressive language
    Highlights speakers emotions, feelings or attitudes
  5. Transactional language
    Getting information or making a deal e.g. buying ot selling
  6. Phatic Language
    Social talk e.g. about the weather
  7. Prepared speech features
    • Worked out in advance
    • For a specific audience & purpose
    • Formal
    • Performed
    • Needs to maintain listener's interest
    • May include rhetorical devices
  8. Spontaneous speech
    • Not prepared
    • Delivered on the spot
    • Informal
    • Mainly in response to another speaker
    • Non fluency features
  9. Spontaneous speech features
    • Ellipsis
    • Phatic talk
    • False starts
    • Back channelling
    • Deixis
    • Fillers
    • hedges
    • Elision
    • Interruptions/overlaps
    • repetition
    • hesitation
  10. Format of conversation
    • Opening
    • Responses
    • Adjacency pairs
    • Signalling closure
    • Closure
  11. Switching & turn taking
    A speaker may pause to indicate it is the other person's turn to speak, a domineering participant may interrupt
  12. Tag questions
    Attached to the end of statements to invite a response
  13. Topic shifts
    When one speaker changes the subject of a conversation
  14. feedback
    When someone else is speaking people give verbal and non verbal feedback to indicate they are listening
Card Set
Spoken Language
cards to revise spoken language features for AS English Lanaguage AQA B