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  1. ruled the soviet union from 1924 to 1953. ruled with an iron fist, using five-year plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition.
    Joesph Stalin
  2. german political party joined by adolf hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. when hitler became chancellor of germany in 1933, the nazi party became the only legal party and an instrument of hitler's absolute rule. (786)
  3. a methodical plan orchestrated by hitler to ensure german supremacy. it called for the elimination of jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
  4. nazi extermination camp in poland, the largest center of mass murder during the holocaust. close to a million jews, gypsies, communists, and others were killed there. (p. 800)
  5. Japanese bombing of a U.S naval base
    Pearl Harbor
  6. this dictator was the leader of the nazi party. he believed that strong leadership was required to save germanic society, which was at risk due to jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.
    Adolf Hitler
  7. the 6,000-mile (9,600-kilometer) flight of chinese communists from southeastern to northwestern china. the communists, led by mao zedong, were pursued by the chinese army under orders from chiang kai-shek. (789)
    Long March
  8. this man became the leader of the chinese communist party and remained its leader until his death. he declared the founding of the people's republic of china in 1949 and supported the chinese peasantry throughout his life.
    Mao Zedong
  9. u.s. naval victory over the japanese fleet in june 1942, in which the japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. it marked a turning point in world war ii.
    Battle of Midway
  10. purge trials, also called Great Purge,  three widely publicized show trials and a series of closed, unpublized trials held in the Soviet Union during the late 1930s, in which many prominent Old Bolsheviks were found guilty of treason and executed or imprisoned. Falsely accused
    The Purge Trials
  11. Is the name given to the air campaign waged by the german air force (luftwaffe) against the united kingdom during the summer and autumn of 1940. the objective of the campaign was to gain air superiority over the royal air force (raf).
    the Battle of Britain
  12. city in russia, site of a red army victory over the germany army in 1942-1943. the battle of stalingrad was the turning point in the war between germany and the soviet union. today volgograd. (p. 793)
  13. forced labor camps set up by stalin in siberia. dissidents were sent to the camps, where conditions were generally brutal. millions died in these camps.
  14. italian political party created by benito mussolini during world war i. it emphasized aggressive nationalism and was mussolini's instrument for the creation of a dictatorship in italy from 1922 to 1943.
     Fascist Party
  15. city in japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on august 6, 1945. the bombing hastened the end of world war ii. (p. 797)
  16. creation of large, state-run farms rather than individual holdings; allowed more efficient control over peasants; part of stalin's economic and political planning; often adopted in other communist regimes.
  17. 1938 conference at which european leaders attempted to appease hitler by turning over the sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that germany would not expand germany's territory any further.
    Munich Conference
  18. "7 week massacre" · countless rapes and murders of chinese people by imperial japanese soldiers. · result: japan cannot establish a legitimate chinese partner regime or overcome resistance of ch. communists or nationalists.
    “rape of Nanjing
  19. town in egypt, site of the victory by britain's field marshal bernard montgomery over german forces led by general erwin rommel (the 'desert fox') in 1942-1943.
    El Alamein
  20. one of herbert hoover's earliest efforts to protect the nation's farmers following the onset of the great depression. tariff raised rates to an all-time high.
    Smoot-Hawley tariff
  21. fascist dictator of italy (1922-1943). he led italy to conquer ethiopia (1935), joined germany in the axis pact (1936), and allied italy with germany in world war ii. he was overthrown in 1943 when the allies invaded italy. (p. 786)
    Benito Mussolini
  22. plans that joseph stalin introduced to industrialize the soviet union rapidly, beginning in 1928. they set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state. (781)
    Five-Year Plans
  23. plans that joseph stalin introduced to industrialize the soviet union rapidly, beginning in 1928. they set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state. (781)
  24. japan enters "total war", they invade china and pushes southward. colonial subject such as the okinawans, taiwanese, and koreans are mobilized into the japanese imperial forces and fight as "japanese" imperial subjects. the japanese empire entertains the idea of abolishing divisions between "colonial subjects" and "national subjects"
    Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945
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