Science Vocab Set #11

  1. Contagion
    A disease producing agent
  2. Mutagen
    An agent that increases the chance for mutation
  3. Biotechnology
    Use of living microorganisms to perform actions in the manufacturing process
  4. Evolution
    A gradual process in which something changes into a normally better and more complex form
  5. Charles Darwin
    English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection
  6. Overproduction
    To produce in excess of need or demand
  7. Variation
    Marked difference or deviation from the normal or recognized form, function, or structure
  8. Adaption
    An alteration or adjustment in structure or habits, often hereditary, by which a species or individual improves its condition in relationship to its environment
  9. Natural Selection
    The process in nature by which, according to Darwin's theory of evolution, only the organisms best adapted to their environment tend to survive and transmit their genetic characteristics in increasing numbers to succeeding generations while those less adapted tend to be eliminated
  10. Speciation
    The evolutionary formation of new biological species, usually by the division of a single species into two or more genetically distinct ones
  11. Isolation
    Any procedure in which a given species of organism, present in a particular sample or environment, is obtained in pure culture
  12. Homologous Structure
    Any trait given from a common ancestor
  13. Analogous Structure
    similarities between organisms that were not in the last common ancestor, being considered but rather evolved separately
  14. Phenotype
    any observable characteristic or trait of an organism
  15. Alleles
    one of two or more forms of the DNA sequence of a particular gene
Card Set
Science Vocab Set #11