PTG 105-Exam 3- Lecture 18-7

  1. When is a neoplasm distinctly malignant?
    When it breaks through the basement membrane
  2. What is the treatment for invasive cervical carcinoma?
    Surgery with or without radiation
  3. What is Amenorrhea?
    Absence of menstrual bleeding
  4. What is the term for absence of menstrual bleeding?
  5. What is Dysmenorrhea?
    Painful menses
  6. What is the term for painful menses?
  7. Menorrhagia is what?
    Regular intervals of menses, but with excessive flow
  8. What is the term for regular menses that have excessive flow?
  9. What is the definition of Metrorrhagia?
    Bleeding between menstrual periods
  10. What is the term for bleeding between menstrual periods?
  11. What is the definition of Anovulation?
    Absence of ovulation
  12. What is the term for the absence of ovulation?
  13. What is endometriosis?
    Inflammation of the uterine lining with a presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus (commonly in the ovaries, but can be fallopian tubes, uterine ligaments, bladder, and bowel)
  14. The endometrium is fairly resistant to what?
  15. When is Acute endometriosis most likely to occur?
    After instrumentation, deliver or miscarriage
  16. What has an increased incidence after miscarriage, delivery or
    • instrumentation?
    • Acute endometriosis
  17. Chronic Endometriosis is more likely after what events?
    Gonorrhea infection, tuberculosis, remains left after miscarriage or delivery
  18. What has an increased incidence when remains may be left after delivery or miscarriage, tuberculosis or from a gonorrheal infection?
    Chronic Endometriosis
  19. Endometrial tissue is found in what other organs during endometriosis?
    • Most common: Ovaries
    • Also: Fallopian tubes, uterine ligaments, peritoneum, bladder and bowel.
  20. What is the cause of endometrial tissue in other organs?
    Unknown, maybe due to metaplasia/lymphatic spread/tubal extrusion
  21. Does the endometrial tissue that has spread develop evenly?
    No it responds to cyclical hormones and fluctuates, as would the endometriosis
  22. What are some of the symptoms of Endometriosis?
    Dysmenorrhea, infertility and pelvic pain
  23. What female disease includes, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain and
    • infertility?
    • Endometriosis
  24. How is endometriosis treated?
    • Lesions are ablated by:
    • Hormones
    • Laser
    • Surgery
  25. Chocolate cyst of the ovary is characteristic of what disease?
  26. What features need to be present on a biopsy for diagnosis of endometriosis?
    2 of these need to be detected (out of 3) Glands, stroma, hemosiderin laden macrophages
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PTG 105-Exam 3- Lecture 18-7
PTG 105-Exam 3- Lecture 18-7