PTG 105 -Exam 3- Lecture 18 -3

  1. What is the most important risk factor for endometrial cancer?
    Unopposed estrogen exposure
  2. Unopposed estrogen exposure is the number one risk for wht disease?
    Endometrial cancer
  3. What are the risk factors for Endometrial cancer other than unopposed estrogen exposure?
    • Early menarche
    • Late menopause
    • obeisity
    • Tomoxifen
    • Infertility
    • Granulosa and thecalc ells
    • Ovarian dysfunction
  4. What disease has a higher risk if you have unopposed estrogen exposure, infertility, early menarche, late menopause, obeisity, Granulosa and thecal cells, Tamoxifen or Ovarian dysfunction?
    Endometrial cancer
  5. Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension and history of breast or colon cancer are low risk factors for what disease?
    Endometrial cancer
  6. Endometrial cancer has what three low risk factors?
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • History of colon or breast cancer
    • Hypertension
  7. What is the normal age range fro Endometrial cancer?
    55 to 65 years
  8. Endometrial cancer may be picked up on what type of test?
    PAP smear
  9. Endometrial cancer often arises from what other abnormality?
    Atypical endometrial hyperplasia
  10. What are the two types of endometrial cancer?
    • Endometrioid
    • Papillary serous carcinoma
  11. What is the most common type of endometrial cancer?
    Endometrioid carcinoma (80%)
  12. What type makes up 80% of endometrial cancers?
    Endometrioid carcinoma
  13. What type makes up 20% of endometrial cancers?
    Papillary serous carcinoma
  14. Papillary serous carcinoma make up what proportion of endometrial cancers?
  15. Endometrioid carcinoma is associated with what characteristics?
    • Hyperestrinism
    • Resembles normal endometrium
    • Good prognosis
  16. Which type of endometrial cancer resembles a normal endometrium, ias associated with hyperestrinism and has a good prognosis?
    Endometrioid carcinoma
  17. What characteristics are associated with Papillary serous carcinoma?
    • Older age
    • Looks like ovarian tumors
    • No associated with hyperestrinism
    • Poorer prognosis
  18. Which type of Endometrial cancer looks like ovarian tumors, has a poorer prognosis, is not associated with hyperestrinism and is found in older women?
    Papillary serous carcinoma
  19. What is the term for inflammation of the Fallopian tubes?
  20. What is Salpingitis?
    Inflammation of the fallopian tubes
  21. What are the causes of Salpingitis?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chalymdia
    • Pyogenic bacteria
  22. What are the syptoms or complications of Salpingitis?
    • Pelvic pain
    • infertility
  23. Describe an ectopic pregnancy:
    The fertilized egg implants into the Fallopian tube
  24. When teh fertilized eggimplants into te fallopian tube, what is this called?
    Ectopic pregnancy
  25. What percent of pregnancies are ectopic?
  26. What are predisposing factors for Ectopic pregnancy?
    • Salpingitis
    • Endometriosis
  27. Salpingitis and endometriosis are predisposing factors for what?
    Ectopic pregnancy
  28. What can be the outcome of an ectopic pregnancy?
    Rupture (can be fatal)
  29. True or False, an ectopic pregnancy can be fatal?
    True, if it ruptures
  30. Tumors in the Fallopian tube are common (T/F)?
  31. What are the consequences of Salpingitis?
  32. What types of fallopian tube disease were dicussed in class?
    • Ectopic pregnancy
    • Salpingitis
    • Tumors
  33. What types of ovarian benign cysts exist?
    • Follicular and luteal cysts
    • Polycystic ovaries
  34. What are follicular cysts?
    Abnormal enlargement of the follicle
  35. What is the name for an abnormally enlarged follicle?
    follicular cyst
  36. What type of benign ovarian cyst present normally?
    Follicular and leutieal cysts
  37. What are the associated manifestations fo follicular and leuteal cysts?
    • Pain due to rupture and bleeding
    • Higher risk of ectopic pregnancy
  38. Polycystic ovaries are common in waht age group?
    Young obese women
  39. Young obese women with polycystic ovaries are likely to have what other issue?
  40. Whay are young obese women with polycystic ovaries likely to be infertile?
    Because thy do not ovulate
  41. What are the charcteristics of a person with Polycystic ovaries?
    Young obese women with Amenorrhea and hirsutism
  42. Young obese women with infertility, amenorrhea and hirutism are prime candidates for what disease?
    Polycyctsic ovaries
  43. What is hirsutism?
    Excessive body hair
  44. What is the term for excessive body hair?
  45. What is the cause of Polycystic ovaries?
    Excessive estrogen and androgens
  46. Describe polycystic ovaries:
    Multiple cysts in the ovaries
  47. How are polycystic ovaries treated?
    Hormonal treatment
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PTG 105 -Exam 3- Lecture 18 -3
PTG 105 -Exam 3- Lecture 18 -3