Is the study of patterns of sounds e.g. phonemes, syllables. It is not about pronounciation
Is the study of how speech sounds are made.
When sounds are left out e.g. everything becomes evrythin
When sounds that are next to each other become more alike e.g. handbag becomes hambag
Refers back to to something that has already been mentioned e.g. My gran went to university. She wanted to be a teacher
References something forward e.g. The man gave the following reasons for his decision
Where words are left out of a sentence but meaning is not lost sometimes indicated by ...
What are the 5 types of grammatical cohesion?
- Reference-anaphoric or cataphoric
- Ellipsis-where words are left out
- Conjunctions-words that connect e.g. and, or
- Adverbs-connect clauses by space and time e.g. tomorrow
Links words through meaning rather than grammar e.g. repetition or collocation
Words that commonly appear together e.g. neat and tidy, fast asleep they can't be rearranged
The layout of a text can make it look cohesive e.g. using the same font or colour scheme.
Non verbal aspects of speech; pitch, tone, volume, pace, pauses, stress. It can completely change the meaning of what is said.
- Definite with negative word-no way
- Definite without negative word-I'd rather die
- Excuse-I'd love to but I'm busy
- Evasive-Can we talk about this later
- Apologetic-I'm sorry but
- Inarticulate-erm, hmm
Multi modal text
Contains features of both speech and writing e.g. a very informal email or texts
The different varieties of language used in different situations and contexts
The language of social groups can depend on age, education, occupation, culture
The unique language of an individual