Microbiology Final Review

  1. Viruses can infect?

    a. Plants
    b. Bacteria
    c. Animals
    d. All organisms
    All organisms
  2. The suffix-virales is given to the following terms within the taxon....

    a. Species
    b. Order
    c. Family
    d. Genus
  3. The correct hierarchical order for virus classification is?

    a. order, genus, family, subfamily, species
    b. species, genus, family, subfamily, order
    c. order, family, subfamily, genus, species
    d. genus, order, family, subfamily, species
    Order, family, subfamily, genus, species
  4. The Baltimore classification system places viruses into               groups?

    a. four
    b. five
    c. seven
    d. nine
  5. Viral capsomeres are composed of subunits called?

    a. envelopes
    b. protomeres
    c. capsids
    d. nucleoids
  6. RNA viruses belong to which of the following types according to the Baltimore classification system?

    a. I, II, III
    b. II, III, IIV
    c. I, IV, V
    d. II, IV, V
    II, IV, V
  7. Which of the following consists of DNA viruses?

    a. parvoviridae
    b. picornaviridae
    c. astroviridae
    d. togaviridae
  8. A bacteriophage is a(n)                   virus?

    a. helical
    b. icosahedral
    c. enveloped
    d. complex
  9. A phage in a repressed stage is referred to as a(n)?

    a. antiphage
    b. prophage
    c. virulent phage
    d. latent phage
  10. The correct sequence of stages in the multiplication of animal viruses is....
    a. Adsorption, penetration, uncoating, replication, assembly, release
  11. A persistant infection that is not lytic but productive is called a                   infection?

    a. chronic
    b. latent
    c. slow
    d. transforming
  12. Which of the following viruses belong to the family Herpesviridae?

    B. Epstein-Barr virus
  13. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are caused by?

    B. Prions
  14. The most common viruses causing respiratory illness belongs to?

    D. Adenoviridae
  15. Which of the following bunyaviruses is NOT anthropod-borne?

    D. Hantavirus
  16. The antibiotics penicillin and cephalosporin are produced by?

    D. Fungi
  17. Fungi are free-living                 organisms?

    C. Heterotrophic
  18. Fungi that help the roots of plants to absorb minerals and water from the soil are?

    C. Mycorrhizae
  19. A dismorphic fungus growing as a mold prefers what temparature?

    B. 25c
  20. Conidiospores that bud off from a vase-shaped spore-bearing cell are referred to as?

    B. Phialospores
  21. The mold responsible for the production of penicillin belongs to the subgroup of ?

    D. Ascomycota
  22. The so-called "red tide" is generaly caused by which of the following organisms?

    B. Dinoflagellates
  23. Allgae that contain agar in their cells walls belong to?

    A. Rhodophyta
  24. Diatom, major components of marine phytoplankton, belong to?

    A. Chrysophyta
  25. Brown algae are commonly referred to as?

    B. phaeophyta
  26. Which of the following microorganisms require a moist environment to survive and most often live in ponds, streams, lakes, and oceans?

    C. plasmodium
  27. The process by which the nucleous of protozoans undergoes multiple divisions before the cell divides is called?

    B. schizogony
  28. The eukaryotes known for the presence of a macronucleous and a micronucleous are?

    B. protozoans
  29. Plasmodium is a type of?

    C. protozoans
  30. Taxoplasma gondii belongs to which group of eukaryotic organism?

    A. protozoans
  31. A scolex is a structure found in?

    A. helminths
  32. Which of the following is commonly referred to as a pinworm?

    A. enterbius vermicularis
  33. Organisms that can grow on substances with very low moisture content are?

    A. fungi
  34. The protozoan that lacks a cyst stage and therefore must be transferred quickly from host to host is?

    C. thrichomonas vaginalis
  35. Which type of symbolisis benefits both members?

    D. helmonths
  36. Which type of symbiosis benefits both members?

    B. mutualism
  37. The mold that produces penicillin is an example of?

    A. amensalism
  38. The presence of microbes in or on the body is a(n)?

    C. contamination
  39. All of the following areas of the human body contain normal flora except?

    B. peritoneum
  40. Bacterial endotoxins are?

    C. components of the gram-negative cell wall
  41. When a pathogen spreads from the original site to other tissues or organs it is called a(n)                  infection?

    B. focal
  42. A disease that is genrally present in a given population is?

    B. endemic
  43. Which of the following is not considered to be a vehicle transmission?

    C. insect
  44. Which of the following is likely to be the most frquently used portal of entry for pathogens?

    C. respiratory tract
  45. Infections that may result from the use of catheters are classified as?

    C. iatrogenic infections
  46. A relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed is called?

    C. paratism
  47. The degree or extent of disease-evoking power that a microorganism has is referred to as?

    D. virulence
  48. The virulence of factors of bacteria include?

    C. colonization, invasion, toxins, adhesions
  49. The type of infection in which several infectious agents establish themselves at the same site is referred to as a(n)?

    D. mixed infection
  50. Health care-associated infections are also known as?

    C. nosocomial infections
  51. Langerhans cells, which play a role in defense against microbes, are located in the?

    B. epidermis
  52. The paillary layer of the skin is part of the?

    C. dermis
  53. Which of the following organisms is the causative agent of skin infections and toxic shock syndrome?

    D. staphylococcus aureus
  54. Which of the following is a type of acute infection genrally caused by group A streptococus?

    D. erysipelas
  55. The oragnism often called "flesh-eating bacteria" is?

    D. streptococcus pyogenes
  56. Acne is caused by?

    B. propionibacterium
  57. Warts are commonly caused by the?

    C. human papillomavirus
  58. Herpes simplex infections on lips and in the mouth are most commonly caused by?

    A. HSV-1
  59. "Athletes foot" is referred to as?

    A. tinea pedis
  60. Diaper rash in infants is commnly caused by?

    d. malassezia furfur
    B. candida albicans
  61. Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the?

    A. scalp
  62. Subcutaneuos mycoses occur predominantly in the?

    C. tropics
  63. A chronic localized subcutaneous infection characterized by verrucoid lesions on the skin is?

    B. chromoblastomycosis
  64. The most important fungi that cause diseases of the skin, hair, and nails are called?

    A. dermatophytes
  65. Variola virus of the orthopoxvirus family cause acute, highly contagious disease?

    B. smallpox
  66. All of the following are structures of the lower respiratory system except?

    D. pharynx
  67. Scarlet fever is caused by?

    C. streptococcus pyogenes
  68. Which of the following organisms is commonly found in the normal flora of the upper respiratory system?

    D. staphylococcus aureus
  69. Whooping cough is caused by?

    D. bordetella pertussis
  70. WHich of the following cannot be and should not be treated with antibiotics?

    A. common cold
  71. Tubeculosis is not usually transmitted by?

    B. fomites
  72. The most virulent pathogen of the human flu virus is type?

    C. A
  73. SARS is a respiratory illnes caused by?

    B. coronavirus
  74. Which of the following geographic areas contain resevoirs for coccidioides immitis?

    C. arizona
  75. The formation of a "fungus-ball" within preexisting cavities is a common development in?

    A. pulmonary aspergillosis
  76. The "strawberry tongue" symptom is often associated with?

    C. scarlet fever
  77. Strept throat is caused by which of the following organisms?

    A. streptococcus pyogenes
  78. Tuberculosis is caused by an organism of the genus?

    D. mycobacterium
  79. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a?

    C. gram-negative, encapsulated bacillus
  80. Anthrax is caused by?

    D. bacillus anthracis
  81. Kaposi's sarcoma is caused by human herpesvirus number?
  82. Capsids forming multifaced structures hving 20 triangular faces are called?
  83. Group VI viruses according to the Baltimore classification system include the families Metaviridae, Pseudoviridae, and?
  84. According to the Balimore classification, Retroviridae belong to group?
  85. The study of fungi is?
  86. The vegitative structure of algae is referred to as a?
  87. Masses of protoplasm containing thousands of nuclei are characteristic of a(n)?
    plasmodial slime and mold plasmodium
  88. The life cycle of a parasite helminth ends with an adult parasite that is found in the               host?
  89. The symbiotic relationship in which one of the organisms benefits and the other is not harmed or helpes is referred to as???
  90. Vectors that transmit pathogens and also serve as host for part of the pathogens life cycle is a(n)                            vector.
  91. A worldwide epidemic is considered a(n)                        disease.
  92. Animals, usually anthropods, that carry pathogens from one host to another are called?
  93. The study of the cause of disease is called?
  94. Leprosy is caused by?
    micobacterium leprae
  95. A tinea infection in the groin area is commonly called?
    jock itch
  96. Parrot fever is caused by?
    clymydia psittaci
  97. Legionellosis affects mainly the?
  98. Legionella pneumophila is a gram-negative bacillus yjat causes disease occuring in two distinct forms:????? and ??????
    pontiac fever and lgionaires disease
  99. The three forms of anthrax caused by bacillus anthracis are                ,                        ,and                 .
    inhalation, cutaneous, gastrointestinal
  100. Influenza is caused by two species of?
    orthomyxo viruses
  101. Human papiloma virus
    plantar warts
  102. Epstein-barr virus
    Infectious mononucleosis
  103. Norovirus
  104. Hantavirus
    Hemorrhagic fever
  105. Human rhinovirus A
    Common cold
  106. The first step in infection?
  107. The parental route?
  108. Normal flora?
  109. Multiplication of pathogens in blood?
  110. AIDS
  111. Necrotizing fasciitis
    Streptococcus pyogenes
  112. Shingles
  113. Sixth disease
    HHV-6 and -7
  114. Tinea versicolor
    Malassezia furfur
  115. Genital herpes
  116. Diphteria
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  117. Whooping cough
    Bordetella pertussis
  118. Strep throat
    Streptococcus pyogenes
  119. Pontiac fever
    Legionella pneumophila
  120. Q fever
    Coxiella burnetii
Card Set
Microbiology Final Review
Microbiology Final Review