Small Grains

  1. What is the scientific name for barley?
    Hordeum vulgare
  2. How long has barley been cultivated?
    3,000-8,000 BC
  3. What is the most ancient cultivated grain crop?
  4. Barely is one of the most...
    • adapted crops
    • grown from artic circle to equator
  5. What is barely grown for in most of the world?
    human food
  6. What is produced from barley grains?
    bread and other food products
  7. In the US, what is barely grown for?
    • livestock feed and malt
    • it can be grazed by livestock in the late fall, witner and early spring
  8. Where is malting type barely grown?
    colder climates across the northern part of the nation (from North Dakota to the Pacific Coast)
  9. What is malt used for?
    • 85%- beer
    • 10%- alcohol and whiskey
    • 5%- malt syrups
  10. Where is winter barley grown?
    Southern US
  11. How much rain does winter barley need?
    25 to 30 inches
  12. How hardy is winter barley?
    less hardy than winter rye and winter wheat; more hardy than oats
  13. Where is Barley grown in Texas?
    • much fewer acres than other cool season cereal grains
    • used as winter pasture for livestock
  14. Barely provides...
    forage more quickly than oats or wheat
  15. How long does barley provide grazing?
    October to May under favorable conditions
  16. What kind of inflorescence does barley have?
    Spike (monocot)
  17. Barley is a
    cool season, annual grass with a mature height of 2-5 ft
  18. Oats is a ______ world crop.
    major world crop
  19. Oats is the _____ most important crop in the US on basis of acres.
  20. In the northern US, oats are grown for
    • seed production and used as livestock feed
    • 5% used for human consumption
  21. In the southern US, oats are grown for
    grazing or hay production and some seed production
  22. What is the scientific name for oats?
    Avena sativa
  23. What type of soil is good for oats?
    • adpated to a wide range of soil types as long as it is well drained and fertile
    • perform best on loamy soils
  24. Oats are less sensitive to ______ than barley.
    acidic soils
  25. Oats require more ____ for development.
  26. Oats are less ______ than other cool season small grains.
    winter hardy
  27. Oats are a
    cool season, annual grass with a mature height of 2-5 ft
  28. What type of inflorescence does oats have?
  29. Oats are
    caryposis (fruit fused to seed coat)
  30. What is the scientific name for wheat?
  31. Wheat is the most.....
    extensively cultivated of all cereal crops
  32. How much land does wheat occupy in the world?
    up to 15%
  33. Wheat ranks _____ in acreage planted.
    2nd to corn
  34. Where is the Wheat Belt located?
    Great Plains area
  35. Wheat is a
    cool season, annual grass with a mature height of 2-5 ft
  36. What type of inflorescence does wheat have?
  37. What type of soil does wheat yield best in?
    clay loam soils
  38. How much rain does wheat need?
    25-30 inches with 2-6 inches two months prior to harvest
  39. How many acres of wheat is harvested in texas each year?
    2-5 million acres
  40. What does wheat rank in Texas in terms of acreage harvested?
  41. Where is wheat produced in Texas?
    high and rolling plains
  42. When is wheat planted in Texas?
    September to November
  43. What is rye's scientific name?
    Secale cereale
  44. What is rye?
    major bread grain in the world especially where wheat cannot grow
  45. How cold tolerant is rye?
    most cold tolerant of small grains
  46. What kind of soil can rye be grown in?
    infertile, sandy, or acidic
  47. What is tricticale?
    cross between wheat and rye
  48. When was tricticale developed?
  49. What characteristics does tricticale have?
    • fertile
    • characteristics of wheat and rye
  50. What was the purpose of triticale?
    transfer cold hardiness and adaptation of unfavorable soil conditions of rye while retaining excellent banking qualities of wheat
  51. Was tricticale successful?
Card Set
Small Grains
Lab quiz