Urology Final Review

  1. Medical assistants role in diagnostic exminations of the urinary system?
    • 1. Explain a clean catch midstream.
    • 2. Wipe front to back.
    • 3. Begin to urinate, stop, then fill cup 10-12ml of urine.
    • 4. Put lid on tightly. 
    • 5. Make sure specimen is properly labeled.
  2. What blood tests are performed to determine the health/function of the kidney?
    • 1. Creatnine
    • 2. Urea
    • 3. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
    • 4. ALC1
    • 5. EGFR Estimated Glomerulat Filtration Rate
  3. Name 2 common types of catheters and describe when each would be used?
    • 1. Foley catheter
    • 2. Straight catheter

    A Foley catheter is in dwelling and is always sterile. It is in place for longer periods, no more than 24hrs. It Iis inserted into the bladder, usually by an MD.

    A Straight catheter is disposable, for one time. For draining the bladder. Does not require sterile technique. Recommended for people with urinary incontinence. (Done on children)
  4. What is the radiographic procedure in which contrast dye is injected into the patient through an IV to examine the internal structures of the kidney and urinary tract? What is it called?
    • Intravenous pyelogram
    • Due to urinary refluxe disease
  5. What kind of person could NOT have a kidney transplant?
    • 1. HIV
    • 2. Chronic kidney disease
    • 3. Hepatitis
    • 4. Any autoimmune disease
  6. List 5 general specimen guidelines?
    • 1. Verify providers order
    • 2. Verify specimen requirements
    • 3. Complete lab requisition
    • 4. Assemple equiptment before patient arrives
    • 5. Properly label all specimens
    • 6. Confirm patient with at least 2 forms of ID
  7. What is POL?
    Position office laboratory
  8. What is POS?
    Physician office assistant
  9. What is CLIA?
    • Clinical laboratory improvement ammendment
    • Quality control of the lab
  10. Image Upload 1Parts of the microscope?
    • 1. Ocular
    • 2. Rotating nosepiece
    • 3. Objective lenses
    • 4. Stage clips
    • 5. Stage slide
    • 6. Light source
    • 7. Base
    • 8. Diaphragm
    • 9. Fine adjustment knob
    • 10. Course adjustment knob
    • 11. Arm support
  11. After centrifuging the specimen, what are the parts called?
    The clear liquid part is called the supernatant and the white stuff at the bottom of the tube is called sediment
  12. What is the normal specific gravity?
  13. If a patient is positive for glucose, what else should be positive on the dipstick?
  14. What does it mean if a urine sample is cloudy?
  15. Clinitest
    Clinitest- Confirmatory test for glucose

    Ictotest- Confirmatory test for billirubin

    Acetest- Confirmatory test for ketones
  16. Urine colors


    Straw to yellow-?

    Dark yellow/amber- ?

    Cloudy pink,red,reddish/brown- ?

    Clear pink,red, or reddish brown-?

    Yellow/brown or yellow/green- ?

    Blue/green- ?

    Brown- ?

    Black- ?
    Colorless- diabetes insipidus

    Straw to yellow- normal color

    Dark yellow/amber- first morning urine

    Cloudy pink,red,reddish/brown- hematuria, intact RBC present. Menstral contamination

    Clear pink,red, or reddish brown-
    RBC have been ruptured and hemoglobin has been released into urine

    Yellow/brown or yellow/green- billirubin

    Blue/green- UTI

    Brown- Blood

    Black- Melanin

  17. What is ESWL?
    Extracorporeal Shockwave Litrotripsy

    Sound waves that break down kidney stones into smaller pieces
  18. What is IVP?
    Intravenous Pylogram

    An x-ray test that provides pics of the kidney, bladder, ureters and urethra.
  19. What is TURP?
    Transurethral resection of the prostate
  20. What is TRUS?
    Transrectal ultra sonography of the prostate
  21. What is DRE?
    Digital rectal exam
  22. What is catherization?
    A sterile tube that is inserted into the bladder
  23. What is hemodialysis?
    A process that uses a man made membrane to removes waste from the blood
  24. What is Circumcision?
    A surigical removal of excess skin from the penis
  25. What does sugar in the urine mean?
  26. What does it mean when there is billirubin in the liver?
  27. What is the normal PH of urine?
  28. What is the PH of blood?
  29. What is the total amount of the micorscope?
  30. Crystals


    Tyrosine- ?

    Leucine- ?

    Uric Acid- ?

    Calcuim Oxalate- ?

    Yeast- ?

    Calcium carbonate- ?

    Triple phosphate- ?
    Cystine- colorless hexagon shaped plates (abnormal)

    Tyrosine- colorless to yellow needles/clumps of rosettes(abnormal)

    Leucine- yellow spheres with central circle stripes (abnormal)

    Uric Acid- yellow brown rhombic flat plate with 4 sides

    Calcuim Oxalate- colorless squares with an x shape. resembles an envelope

    Yeast- small oval, may have a bud

    Calcium carbonate- colorless, dog bone or dumbell shaped

    Triple phosphate- colorless, resembles coffin lids
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Urology Final Review
Review for Urology final exam