Dep 2000 Exam 4 Study Guide

  1. Exercise recommendations
    30 mins of moderate physical activity at least 5 days a week
  2. Primary and Secondary Appraisals of Stress (Lazarus)
    Primary: is this stressful?

    Secondary: can i do something about it?
  3. Social support
    Assistance and comfort supplied by others
  4. Secondary aging
    Physical declines brought about by environmental factors and behavioral choices
  5. Sternberg's Theory of Intelligence
    • Componential: mental components used to solve problems and making use of what has been learned in the past
    • Experiential: how people relate what they already know to a new situation
    • Contextual: adapting to the demands of every day situations
  6. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    1990, mandates full access to public establishments
  7. Emotion-focused coping
    Conscious regulation of emotion
  8. Problem-focused coping
    Managing a threatening situation by directly changing it to make it less stressful
  9. Gender gap in college
    More women in college, men have more opportunities straight out of high school
  10. Intrinsic Motivation
    Pride, loving what you do
  11. Extrinsic Motivation
    Money, status, material things
  12. Relationship Attachment Styles (mirror infancy)
    Secure: readily enter into relationships and feel happy and confident about the future success of their relationships, 50%

    Avoidant: less invested in relationships, have higher breakup rates and often feel lonely, 25%

    Ambivalent: overly invested in relationships, have repeated breakups with the same partner and have low self esteem, 20%
  13. Psychosomatic Disorders
    Medical problems caused by the interaction of psychological, emotional, and physical difficulties
  14. Effects of regular exercise
    Cardiovascular fitness, lung capacity, flexibility, strength, decreases anxiety and depression, helps immune system
  15. Causes of death (cultural differences)
    Men die in more accidents, women have more disease and illness, minorities have higher chance of death
  16. Stereotype Threat
    Obstacles to performance that come from awareness of the stereotypes held by society about academic abilities
  17. Ginzberg Career Choosing Theory
    • Fantasy: until age 11, career choices made and discarded without thought
    • Tentative: adolescence, thinking practically about job requirements
    • Realistic: adulthood, exploration of careers followed by commitment
  18. Postformal Thought
    Thinking that acknowledges that adult predicaments must sometimes be solved in relativistic terms
  19. Weight gain in adulthood
    1/3 of adults are obese
  20. Holland's Personality Types (RIASEC)
    • Career should be based on personality
    • Realistic
    • Intellectual
    • Artistic
    • Social
    • Enterprising
    • Conventional
  21. Sensory declines in middle adulthood
    After age 40 visual accuracy diminishes, after age 45 sound localization declines
  22. Sensory Memory
    Taking memory in
  23. Short-term Memory
    Lasts 15 to 25 seconds
  24. Long-term Memory
    Stored permanently
  25. Remarrying rates
    75% to 85% people remarry, 90% of women remarry
  26. Auto accidents in middle adulthood
    Fewer than younger people
  27. Sandwhich Generation
    People who take care of both their children and parents
  28. Marital Satisfaction
    U-shape, declines after marriage then goes back up when children leave home
  29. Memory Strategies (Mneumonics)
    • Organization
    • Rehearsing
    • Paying attention
    • Visualizing
  30. Big Five (past age 30)
    • Neuroticism, extraversion, openness decrease
    • Conscientiousness and agreeableness increase
  31. Grandparenting styles
    • Involved: active
    • Companionate: loving instead of teaching
    • Remote: not involved
  32. Burnout
    When highly trained professionals experience dissatisfaction and weariness from their jobs
  33. Cycle of Violence Hypothesis
    • Tension building: verbal dissatisfaction
    • Acute Battering: physical abuse
    • Loving contrition: remorse from abuser
  34. Menopause
    Starts around age 45, transition from being able to have children to not
  35. Cohort Effects
    Older people might have less education, less stimulating jobs, less exposure to technology
  36. Boomerang Children (reasons)
    Unable to find a job and make ends meet
  37. Fluid Intelligence
    Ability to deal with new problems and situations
  38. Crystallized Intelligence
    Information, skills, and strategies acquired
  39. Erikson's Intimacy vs. Isolation Stage (early adulthood)
    • Intimacy: close, intimate relationships with others
    • Isolation: feelings of loneliness and fear of relationships
  40. Erikson's Generativity vs. Stagnation (middle adulthood)
    • Generativity: looking beyond oneself to continuation of legacy
    • Stagnation: not leaving something behind, caring about trivial things
  41. Expertise
    Acquisition of skills and knowledge in a particular area, develops with attention and practice
  42. Empty Nest Syndrome
    When children leave the home and parents don't know what to do with themselves, affects more women
  43. Type A Personality
    Competitive, impatient, tendency toward frustration
  44. Type B Personality
    Non-competitive, patient, lack of aggression
Card Set
Dep 2000 Exam 4 Study Guide
Test 4