1. eukaryotes
    single-celled or multicelluar organisms
  2. fastidious
    requiring specialized media or growth factors to grow
  3. flora
    microbes that live on or in the body
  4. genus
    a breakdown of a family or micoroorganisms
  5. interleukin
    a protein produced by certain white blood cells
  6. in vitro
    outside the living body
  7. macromolecules
    molecules needed for metabolism
  8. molecules
    groups of like or different atome held together by chemical forces
  9. microorangisms
    organisms of microscopic size
  10. naometers
    units measuring 1 billioth of a meter
  11. organelles
    differntiated structures within a clell
  12. pathogens
    disease-causing microorganisms
  13. prokaryote
    a unicellular organism lack a membrane
  14. prostaflandins
    chemical release from cells that cause smooth muscle contraction and pain
  15. turbidity
  16. viable
    capable of living under favorable conditions
  17. wet mount
    a slide preparation in which a dropof liquid specimen or the like covered with a coverslip and obsereved
  18. microorganisms are responisble for
    decomposition of waste and natural recycing
  19. the study of immunology or the immune system is closely tied to
  20. microorganisms induce an
    immune response leading to the production of a variety of molecule that come to our defense
  21. molecules inclulde antbodies and mediator of inflammation such as
    interleukin, prostaglandins, and interferon
  22. when collecting a specimen for microbiologic analysis medical assistants should ask themselves 2 questions
    in what way can I prevent contamination of the sample? and when can I do to protect myself from becoming infected while I collect this sample?

    cleansing the areas to be sampled with an antiseptic opening sterile container only when necessary and never touching a sterile swab or collection device to a nosteril surface

    wearing gloves and a disposable surgical mask or face shield while collecting a throat or sputum , urine
  23. ideally specimens should be collected during the
    acute phase at the beginning of an illness before antibiotics are prescribed
  24. most pathogenic organisms prefer temperatures around
    37 degress celcisus

    98.6 degress F
  25. aerobe
    require oxygen to stay alive
  26. anaerobe
    die if exposed to oxygen
  27. viruses are not
  28. viruses consist of a core of either
    • RNA
    • DNA

    covered by a protein shell

    alone they are neither metabolized nor reproduce 
  29. the binomial system assigns two names the first name is the

    the second name is species
  30. the genus beins with a
    capital letter and may be represented by a single letter after the organism's full genus and species name has been written once in a report

    E. coli
  31. the species begins with a
    lower case letter
  32. when a culture resuls are reported it is essential that both the
    genus and species names be recorded
  33. bacteria is often classified according to their
  34. three types of cell wall structures
    • gram positive
    • acid fast
    • gram negative
  35. gram-negative stain
  36. gram-positive stain
  37. acid-fast stain, acid fast positive bacteria stain
  38. acid-fast negative stain
  39. pathogenic bacteria assume three differen morphologic shapes
    spheric bacteria: cocci

    rod-shaped: bacilli

    spiral bacteria: spirilla
  40. when bacteria are in a chain formation the prefix
  41. bacteria found in pairs prefix
  42. grapelike structures prefix
  43. cocci in packets of four are called
  44. packets of eight or 16 are called
  45. fungi are
    eukaryotes that are larger than bacteria present in soil , air , water
  46. superficial fungal infection is referred to as a
    tinea: ringworm
  47. tinea pedia is
    athlete's foot
  48. helminths
    eukaryotes parasites called worms
  49. liquid medium is called
  50. plates are incubated
    inverted position so that condensation
  51. cultures for fungi are incubated for fungi are incubated both at
    room temperature at 37 C
  52. urine cultured in
  53. lime disease
    insect-borne infectiouse disease
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