Chief part two 3-31-13

  1. Who manages task level accountability? 534
    The crews (the Company Officer)
  2. What is the most important part of the accountability system? 534
    Task level accountability
  3. What are the 5 times the IC should receives PAR's? 534
    • When units exit the hazard zone
    • When a sudden hazardous condition occurs
    • At predetermined time intervals
    • When switching strategies
    • Any other time that the IC has need to check the status of personnel
  4. What must be updated revise or completely changed when conditions change? 537
    The IAP
  5. Most management authorities have put the effective Span control somewhere between what and what? 537
  6. What 2 things should the IC give the sector officer? 538
    Objectives for his sector and the resources assigned
  7. What 3 progress report items should the sector officer report back to the IC? 538
    • Conditions in the sector
    • Actions being taken 
    • Additional resources needed
  8. What is the ultimate test of the incident management system? 540
    If the IC can control the position and function of all assigned resources
  9. What is the advantage of the IC operating out of it fixed stationary command post? 542
    It allows the incident to be managed on the strategic level
  10. What does customer stabilization mean? 543
    Taking care of the victims needs
  11. Every time a citizen dials 911 what is the public defining? 554
    The mission of the fire department
  12. What has the inherit benefit of making us more well rounded? 554
    Training, equipping, and preparing firefighters to conduct more effective rescue operations
  13. When did the first rescue revolution in North America occur? 556
    1915 by the New York fire department implemented the first rescue company
  14. When did the second revolution in rescue operations occur? 556
  15. How many 68 person team USAR task force are there? 559
    20 (conflicts with page 588 which says 28, as of this printing)
  16. Who operates the world's most formidable nationwide network of USAR task forces? 559
    Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
  17. What does FEMA's national USAR systems ensure? 559
    A rapid response of highly trained experienced rescuers with the right equipment anywhere in the United States And all US territories
  18. Are FEMA USAR task forces intended to take over incident command? 559
    No, the local IC is to remain in charge
  19. How many USAR task forces do we have to respond on the international front? 560
  20. What is the advantage of allowing a rescue company captain to handpick his crew? 566
    It allows a supervisor to tailor his selections to achieve a certain goal of teamwork expertise and daily operational effectiveness
  21. What is the primary limiting factor when performing a rescue? 569
    Rescuer safety
  22. What is considered the Cadillac of rescue system approaches? 569
    Having dedicated 6 person rescue companies assigned to a special operations command
  23. What is a simple definition of a disaster? 571
    An event that may outstrip local resources
  24. Why is resource typing important for rescues? 571
    It ensures the right pieces of equipment arrive at your incident
  25. In California what consists of a type I engine strike team? TQ 572
    Five type I engines and a strike team leader
  26. In California what makes up a type I rescue company strike team? TQ 573
    Two type I Rescue companies with a battalion chief
  27. What approach to unusual rescue situations will result in the saving of lives that once would have been lost? 573
    A vigorous and pro-active approach
  28. What NFPA standard discusses urban search and technical rescue training? 575
    NFPA 1670 standards on operations and training for chemical rescue incidents
  29. What should be considered the baseline for establishing USAR and technical rescue systems? 575
    The national consensus standards
  30. What are the 7 main disciplines of rescue? 576
    • Collapse
    • High angle
    • Trench
    • Industrial
    • Water
    • Confined space
    • Vehicle extrication
  31. In order to conduct a realistic evaluation of rescue hazards what 3 things should be evaluated? 582
    • Understand Local conditions
    • To recognize probable rescue emergencies
    • And to be alert for signs of trouble that aren't obvious to the untrained eye
  32. What has been proven to be the best approach to rescue responses? 583
    • Have a multi-tiered response
    • (just like EMS and Hazmat responses)
  33. FEMA USAR task forces are part of what plan? 585
    The US federal response plan
  34. Under the US federal response plan what emergency support function (ESF) group does USAR fall under? 585
    Emergency support function 9 (ESF-9)
  35. How much equipment is maintained by each USAR task force? 586
    50 tons of equipment readily for immediate deployment by ground fixed wing or helicopter
  36. Where is each USAR equipment cache located? 586
    Near a military base
  37. How many USAR task forces are there now? 588
    28 as of this book writing
  38. What are the 5 standard phases of structural collapse search and rescue? 588 TQ
    • Stage 1 Size up and recon
    • Stage 2 Surface rescue
    • Stage 3 Void space searches
    • Stage 4 Selected debris removal
    • Stage 5 General debris removal
  39. When the entire USAR task force work straight through at maximum capacity until the operation is completed is called a what? 589
    Known as a "Blitz"
  40. How many USAR incident support teams-Advanced, are there? 589
  41. Who comprises the USAR IST-A teams? 589
    20 highly experienced firefighters, officers and USAR authorities selected from FEMA task forces around the nation
  42. When is an IST-A team dispatched? 590
    Whenever one or more FEMA USAR task force are activated
  43. What is one of the biggest mistakes agencies make in regards to ICS? 595
    Placing it on a shelf and only using it during disaster operations
  44. IC should refrain from canceling rescue resources until one of the 4 benchmarks are achieved? 596
    • Rescue of all victims have been completed
    • Successful and safe rescue of victims have been positively assured
    • The size indicates the incident is 1st responder operations only
    • It has been confirmed to be a false alarm
  45. Who resolves most of USAR related incidences? 597
    First responders
  46. When should departments respond rescue and USAR units on calls with trapped victims? 598
    On the 1st alarm
  47. On a Rescue incident, how many sided size up should the IC conduct? 601
    8 sided
  48. At a Rescue incident what are the "8 Sides" of the size-up? 601
    • All 4 sides of the structure(s)
    • Top and bottom of the structure(s)
    • A 360 degree view at ground level, looking for anything in the surrounding area that would interfere with the rescue
    • A 360 degree view of the aerial around the structure(s) looking for anything that could come down from the surrounding area and injure people
  49. For a manpower intensive operation how often should you rotate rescue crews? 603
    30 Minutes
  50. What should the IC do before committing personnel to the danger zone of the rescue scene? 603
    Ensure LCES has been addressed
  51. What do you call the fastest safest way out of the danger zone or the fastest and most direct way to a safe refuge? 605
    Escape routes
  52. In some rescue cases where may a Safe Zone be established? 605
    Inside the damage structure as long as it's been fortified
  53. What is the purpose of the operational retreat system? 607
    To make sure all personnel are safe and accounted for
  54. What is the most basic and essential form of rescue? 607
    Rapid intervention
  55. What is the best way to prevent rapid intervention situations? 608
    Use effective strategies and tactics. Recognize accepted risks versus gains
  56. What is important to remember when teaching rescue training? 611
    That the information and tactics are up-to-date and being used in the field under emergency conditions
  57. There are basically 2 types of rescue emergencies, what are they? 611
    Low-risk, high-frequency and high-risk, low frequency
  58. What is the best rescue training? 611
    Realistic situations that mirrors some real-life potentially injuring or lethal conditions found on the rescue scene
  59. What are 3 ways that didactic training can help reduce training hazards to a reasonable level? 612
    • To communicate policies and procedures
    • Allows for blackboard simulations 
    • Critique past incidents
  60. What is effective disaster planning based upon? 612
    Realistic assessments of the types of disasters in a particular area
  61. What should communications plans be, to avoid unnecessary confusion? 613
    Should remain simple
  62. What can be used to expedite damage assessments and improve command-and-control capabilities on large-scale incidents? 614
    Aerial reconnaissance
  63. What is the most important part of searching and marking damage buildings? 614
    Using a standard format that is easily recognized by firefighters and other emergency responders from across the nation
  64. Why it is important for FD's to conduct periodic disaster exercises? 615
    They typically perform better during real-world situations
  65. In the war on terrorism FD's are lacking one major monitor? 619
  66. What is the primary weapon used in WMD? 619
  67. What is the most frequently used explosive device in the United States? 619
    Pipe bombs and other small bombs
  68. What is the most destructive WMD threat? 620
    A nuclear device
  69. What is the term used to describe the effects when Terrorist groups detonate huge bombs in major cities? 620
    Urban canyons
  70. What are among the most common causes of multiple collapse situations? 621
  71. What type of collapse is where one of the supporting walls fails or when Floor joists break at one end and usually creating large void spaces? 629
    Lean to floor
  72. What type of collapse occurs when one end of the floor or roof section is still attached and the other end hangs unsupported? 629
  73. What type of collapses are extremely dangerous because of unsupported sections? 629
  74. What type of collapse usually happens in the center of the floor due to heavy loads? 629
    V collapse or V-shaped void
  75. What type of collapse occurs when load bearing walls collapse causing the upper floor to come down on the floor below? 630
    Pancake collapse
  76. What type of collapse is where the floor or roof section collapse on either side of a bearing wall? 630
    A-frame collapse
  77. What type of collapse is caused by more than one different collapse? 630
    Combination collapse
  78. What type of collapse is where mid-level full floors of a multi story building collapse? 630
    Mid rise pancake collapse
  79. What is the most significant concern in regards to a mid rise pancake collapse? 630
    That a small secondary collapse can quickly progress into a catastrophic collapse of the entire structure
  80. What must you always consider when responding to a collapse incident? 631
    That it was caused by a terrorist attack
  81. How long does the size-up and reconnaissance process last for large or complex disasters? 632
    It continues through all 5 stages and may last for days or even weeks
  82. Of the 5 stages of rescue which one includes the rescue of all victims who can be extracted without cutting breaching or heavy lifting operations? 632
    Stage 2 surface rescue
  83. Of the 5 rescue stages which one is connected by well trained and equipped firefighters looking everywhere using specialized tools? 633
    Stage 3 Void Space search operations
  84. Which of the 5 stages of rescue is done after all known void spaces have been searched? 633
    Stage 4 Selective debris removal
  85. Which of the 5 stages is heavy equipment used? 634
    Stage 5 General debris removal
  86. What tool is most useful for plucking people from Cliffs, Canyon, mountaintops, in floods or the roof of a burning high-rise building? 635
  87. What is a typical rescue hoist that is mounted on a helicopter rated at? 636
    600 pounds in a drag vertical lift
  88. What is often the most dangerous part of the hoist operation? 637
    The last few feet before they reach the safety of the helicopter cabin
  89. What is among the most common rescue emergency to which fire department response? 643
    High angle rescues
  90. Which kind of rescue is among the most hazardous incidents that firefighters are exposed to the course of their duties? 644
    Confined space rescue
  91. What 3 conditions must be met for a space to be a confined space? 645
    • It must be large enough for a person to enter
    • Must have a limited or restrictive means of entry and egress
    • And is not designed for continuous human occupancy
  92. What is the biggest danger associated with a confined space? 645
    an IDLH atmospheres
  93. What does OSHA require all employees to be protected from in regards to confined space rescue? 646
    Existing and potential hazards through proper equipment training and procedures
  94. If a victim is reported incapacitated or missing in a confined space what should be (the) suspected (cause) until proven otherwise? 646
    An IDLH atmosphere
  95. Combustibles are considered hazardous when they reach what % of the LEL? 646
  96. An O2 enriched atmosphere increases the potential for what? 646
  97. OSHA requires how many separate intrinsically safe light sources are carried with each team member into a confined space? 647
  98. At a confined space rescue what should be obtained from the job supervisor? 648
    The required entry permit
  99. Where should the command post be located on a confined space rescue? 649
    Outside (but within line of site of) the immediate operational area
  100. In a confined space rescue who should be assigned safety officer? 649
    Preferably someone who is trained in confined space rescue
  101. What are the first 3 priorities of a confined space rescue? 650
    • Prevent additional victims
    • Establish an effective incident command
    • Consider ways of rescuing without entering the confined space
  102. What are the 2 times that the atmosphere should be tested on all confined space rescue? 650
    • Prior to any entry operation 
    • Prior to working near the entrance
  103. Below what O2 concentration is the use of SCBA or supplied air required by law? 650
  104. Can rescuers enter a confined space if they have to remove their SCBA to fit through the entrance? 651
  105. What is the most effective respiratory protection for confined space rescues? 651
    Supplied air systems
  106. If you are attempting a vertical entry into a confined space the harness should have a minimum certification of? 651
    NFPA certified for high angle rescue operations
  107. How many backup rescuers are required for each entry team in a confined space rescue? 651
    At least one rescuer for each team member
  108. What should be evaluated prior to committing personnel into a confined space situation? 652
    Viability of the victim
  109. Whenever a person crosses the plane of an entrance to a confined space they have entered what? 652
    The exclusion zone
  110. Vertical atmospheric monitoring in a confined space should occur how often? 652
    Every 4 feet
  111. A minimum of how many monitors should be used during the incident of a confined space? 652
  112. Who should the atmospheric monitors(3) be assigned to in a confined space rescue? 652
    • Primary entry team
    • Back up entry team
    • At the point of entry
Card Set
Chief part two 3-31-13
Chief notes