Chief Part one 3-31-13

  1. What law approach uses both civil and criminal legal systems? 140
    The Anglo Saxon Approach (our current system)
  2. Laws in the US depend on what 2 sources for Development and Explanation? 141
    • Legislative bodies
    • Courts
  3. Who creates statutory laws? 141
  4. Who creates common or case law? 141
    The courts
  5. What type of law is intended to describe, as clearly as possible, conduct or behavior that is acceptable or unacceptable? 141
    Statutory law
  6. What type of courts has the power to, create or change common-law? 141
    Appellate courts also known as Courts of record
  7. Who has national jurisdiction in matters involving fire departments and firefighters? 142
    The US Supreme Court
  8. What act has stimulated enormous interest in individual rights? 142
    The civil rights act of 1964
  9. What are the 4 civil rights acts that Congress passed since the Civil War? 144
    The civil rights acts of 1866, 1871, 1964, & 1991
  10. What act has probably done more to effect the public workplace than any other law? TQ 144
    The civil rights act of 1964
  11. What did the equal pay act of 1963 establish? 147
    Equal pay for equal work
  12. What is the definition of a qualified individual? 149
    One that is able to perform the essential functions of a job with or without reasonable accommodations
  13. Is the fire department required to make special commendations for people with disabilities? 149
    Only if they are a "qualified individual" who is able to perform the "essential functions" of a job "with or without reasonable accommodation"
  14. It is up to "whom", to define what the "Essential functions" are, in regards to the job descriptions. 149
    The Employer
  15. Under the family and medical leave act how long can an employee be off for, in a 12 month time period? 149
    Up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave
  16. What was created by Congress to develop workplace safety standards? TQ 150
  17. What special research office was created by OSHA? TQ 150
    The national Institute of occupational safety and health (NIOSH)
  18. What are 3 important OSHA standards that are of special interest to Fire Chief's? 150
    • Blood-borne pathogens
    • Respiratory protection standards
    • 2 in 2 Out rule
  19. What is the focus of CERCLA? 151
    Hazmat site cleanup
  20. Title III of SARA is known as? 151
    The emergency planning and community's Right to know act
  21. What does Sara specifically address? 151
    Training for hazmat responders
  22. If the only purpose to enter the premises, after a fire, is simply to determine origin and cause what type of warrant is required? 153
    An administrative warrant
  23. If there is already a suspicion of a crime at a fire investigation, what type of warrant will be necessary? 153
    A criminal warrant
  24. What are the 3 main reasons that periodic inspections are allowed by law? 153
    • A. Long history of public acceptance
    • B. Public demands that dangerous conditions are prevented
    • C. They are not personal in nature or aimed at discovering criminal activity
  25. What constitutional amendment prohibits unreasonable search and seizures? 154
    The 4th amendment
  26. Can a public employer make you do a drug test? 154
    Yes, under certain circumstances
  27. Is a warrant required if the resident consents to the inspection? 154
  28. Can an employer legally drug test their employees? 155
    Yes, but only under certain suspicionless conditions
  29. What are 3 events that employers may drug test their employees? 155
    • A. Certain employee groups, subject to testing
    • B. Events that trigger testing (i.e. pre-employment, transfer promotion, post accident, return to duty or random)
    • C. Personnel that conduct prohibited behaviors
  30. What type of Law, serves to clarify or defined statutory law or can address legal issues not addressed in statutes? 166
    Case law
  31. What is the term that is used for legal authority for code enforcement power to govern and regulate the interest of the health and safety of the citizens? 157
    Police power
  32. If a firefighter is doing what he is authorized to do, he is working within his scope of? TQ 158
    Scope of employment
  33. What are the 3 elements to reduce the limitations on liability? 158
    • Scope of employment
    • Level of negligence
    • Type of act or action
  34. To prove negligence, an injured person must demonstrate that the person who caused injury, owed a duty of care. When dealing with fire inspectors that liability is? TQ 161
  35. What kind of law represents, that each person owes a duty to others to act responsibly? 163
    Negligence (law)
  36. To prove negligence the injured person must be able to demonstrate the following 4 conditions? 163
    • The person owed a duty of care to the injured person
    • That duty was breached
    • The act was the cause of injury
    • The injured person must be able to prove actual injury
  37. What is at the heart of negligent law? 165
  38. A duty to all is a duty to no one, is also known as? 165
    Duty doctrine
  39. In a lawsuit, the process of collecting evidence is called? 168
  40. What 3 things make up the discovery process? 168
    • Dispositions
    • Written interrogatories (Questionnaires given to witnesses)
    • Requests for production of documents
  41. Who is the Trier of law? 168
    The Judge
  42. Who is the Trier of fact? 169
    The Jury
  43. What is the worst strategy that a Fire Chief can use in regards to standards of care? 170
    To ignore such standards (as developed by organizations such as the NFPA & IFSTA)
  44. When can drivers of emergency vehicles violate portions of the motor vehicle code? TQ 172
    Only with lights and sirens and when it can be done safely
  45. What? is defined as the boundaries or limits of one's duty to their employer? TQ 173
    Scope of employment
  46. What are the 4 accepted methods of managing risk? 176
    • Eliminate the risk
    • Assume the risk
    • Reduce the risk or
    • Transfer the risk
  47. What is the first concept of leading people by Lao Tsu? TQ 206
    Lead by example
  48. What are the 2 key elements of any positive, constructive relationship? 207
    Levels of trust and respect
  49. When you measure someone, based on that person's words and behaviors as they carry out their personal and organizational responsibilities and commitments, this is called? 209
  50. What are the 5 major areas of ethical responsibilities? 209
    • External customers
    • Internal customers
    • Behaviors acted out daily
    • Leaders conduct
    • Commitments to maintain healthy contributions to the organization
  51. What is the primary reason our current leaders exist? TQ 209
    To guide the delivery of services
  52. What are the 5 levels of motivational factors in the Maslow's hierarchy of needs? 210
    • Self actualization (highest)
    • Esteem
    • Acceptance 
    • Security
    • Physiological (lowest)
  53. What is the basic principle of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? TQ 210
    That a lower-level need must be fulfilled before one can focus on a higher level need
  54. What are the 5 basic skills that Steven Edwards believe is the key to fire service leadership? 212
    • Empower others
    • Develop others
    • Value diversity
    • Work for change
    • Communicate responsibility
  55. What are the 4 organizational anchors for empowering workgroups? 213
    • A clearly defined mission
    • Shared organizational values
    • Well-maintained financial resources 
    • Appropriate levels of training
  56. When providing direction and empowerment you should try to keep the employees within the organization, inside the what? 213
    The circle
  57. What is the most important leadership measurement in the workplace? 215
    Employee relations
  58. What sets the tone for how the people within the organization interact with customers and each other? 218
    Organization and operational structures
  59. Keeping someone accountable for their actions and decisions is called what? 219
  60. In the organizational application what does the stool represent? 220
    The most important resource, the people (of the organization)
  61. In the organizational application the 3 legs of the stool represents what? TQ 221
    • The primary line (External) service delivery programs
    • 1. Fire prevention
    • 2. Public education
    • 3. Emergency response
  62. What do the braces between the legs represent in the organizational application? 221
    Staffing(Internal elements)
  63. What NFPA program is readily incorporated into school curriculums and has a positive overall effect on teachers? 222
    The "Risk Watch" program
  64. In the stool analogy what is critical to meet the daily requirements of the internal and external customers and to a large extent drive the organizations ability to change and develop? TQ 222
    The level of training and the organizations ability to prepare members to perform their roles
  65. What is critical to a fire department's community image and standing? 223
    Community involvement
  66. What is the most utilized but least understood subject? 453
  67. Of all fire ground operations which is the least practiced subject? 454
  68. What is the first and often the most critical aspect of emergency communications? 456
    The initial call
  69. What are the 2 phases ECC uses to manage the incident prior to alerting first responders? 456
    Call handling and Call dispatch
  70. What type of dispatching is it called when ECC both recieves and dispatches the call from the same facility? 456
    The direct dispatch method
  71. When ECC only handles the telephone calls and the apparatus are dispatched elsewhere is called what? 456
    The call relay system
  72. When ECC uses a CAD system that automatically sends the data remotely to a fire dispatcher is called? 456
    The call transfer method
  73. The simplest ECC form of incident processing is known as? TQ 456
    Single stage dispatching
  74. When the ECC dispatcher answers the phone and makes the radio assignments, is called? TQ 456
    Single stage dispatching
  75. What is it called when one dispatcher takes a call and another dispatcher dispatches the call? 456
    Two-stage or dual stage dispatching
  76. What is the main advantage of two-stage or dual stage dispatch? 456
    It allows one dispatcher to continue to get additional information while someone else dispatches the first-due units
  77. When call taking and dispatching occurs at the same location the facility is described as? 457
    Consolidated or co-located communication centers
  78. What is the most common means of reporting emergencies? 457
    The telephone
  79. What is the most important part of ECC's dispatcher’s initial incident process? 458
    Caller interrogation and information gathering
  80. With the enhanced 911 system what is the most important thing to remember regarding the address? 458
    That it still must be verified
  81. What are the two most important capabilities of enhanced 911 systems? 459
    Automatic number identification (ANI) and Automatic location identification (ALI)
  82. Can ANI and ALI be blocked by the caller? 459
  83. What is the name given to devices that automatically report incidents based on monitored conditions? 460
    • Telematics
    • (Also known as automatic crash notification
    • i.e. ONSTAR)
  84. What is it called when they can dispatch company’s, teams, or individuals without disturbing others in the station? 461
    Selective signaling
  85. For record keeping, at a minimum, what are the 5 things that should be gather from the initial call? 463
    • The address
    • The nature of emergency
    • Call source (How the call came in)
    • The time and date of receipt
    • And the person(Dispatcher's name) receiving the call
  86. What is the keystone of the CAD system software? 464
    "Geo files" short for geographic files
  87. What are geo-files used for? 464
    To check that the street name and number are valid
  88. When radios both transmit and receive on the same frequency, it's called what mode? 466
    Simplex mode
  89. What are some of the problems associated with Simplex radios? 466
    They may experience dead spots or gaps in coverage due to the reliance on individual radios to intercommunicate
  90. What type of radios relies on repeaters to relay conversations? 467
    Duplex systems
  91. Because of the dependence upon hardware and software which system is the most complex means of radio communication? 467
  92. What type of radio uses low band communications? 468
  93. What type of system allows dispatchers to selectively call by telephone a specific group of people or residents of the geographical area? 471
    Reverse 911
  94. The basic technology behind standard home phone is known as? 472
  95. What are the 2 broad categories of 911? 473
    Basic and enhanced
  96. What are the 2 primary benefits of enhanced 911? 473
    • Automatic number identification and automatic location identification
    • (ANI & ALI)
  97. As a minimum, what must stand between the public and dispatchers in their facility? 476
    Two solid lock doors and bulletproof glass on any street-level window
  98. If the dispatch room shares space with another operation what must the walls have? 477
    A fire rating
  99. What is the number one factor affecting security at a dispatch center? 477
    Individual responsibility
  100. For the ISO rating, communication criteria as part of the fire suppression rating schedule, counts for what % of the community’s insurance rating? 482
  101. As a rule of thumb how many employees you need to provide a single on-duty ECC person 24 hours per day? 482
    At least 4.5 Employees
  102. For dispatchers what controls the number of hours that can be working in any given week? 483
    The fair labor standards act (FSLA)
  103. What is crucial when hiring dispatchers? 484
    Attracting qualified candidates
  104. What is a low cost means of judging the aptitude of a potential ECC hire? 484
    Invite them to observe operations for a shift
  105. What is critical in determining effectiveness and means of measuring performance? 485
    Quality assurance
  106. Why is quality assurance critical when EMD is used? 486
    It constantly validates appropriate protocols are being used and the approved instructions are given
  107. What 4 Conditions need to be present for liability to exist? 486
    • A duty to act
    • That duty was breached
    • Must be damages
    • And the breach of duty must be the cause of the damages
  108. Who has developed guidelines that are applicable to dispatch centers? 489
  109. Which administration is charged with creating a safe workplace? 489
  110. Which agency has had the most impact upon fire service communications? 489
    The FCC
  111. What is a means of improving spectrum efficiency for radios frequencies? 490
  112. What is the most visible aspect of Refarming? 490
    Narrowing of frequencies
  113. According to Brunacini, what are the tactical priorities for emergency services? 527
    • Protect life
    • Stabilize the incident
    • Stop the loss
  114. According to Brunacini, what are the 4 tactical priorities for a structure fire? 527
    • Rescue
    • Fire control
    • Property conservation
    • Customer stabilization
  115. What defines how the tactical priorities will be accomplished? 528
    The incident action plan (IAP)
  116. What is one of the main reasons we use the incident management system? 528
    Firefighter safety
  117. What are the 3 different command modes on a structure fire call? 529
    • Investigating mode
    • Fast attack mode and
    • Command mode
  118. What is the 3 different ways that the IC uses the critical factors information for the size-up process? 530
    • Visual
    • Reconnaissance
    • Preplan
  119. What are the 3 different levels of the incident scene organization? 531
    • Strategic level
    • Tactical level
    • Task level
  120. Who operates at the Strategic level? 531
    The IC and command staff (FLOP)
  121. Who operates at the tactical level? 531
    Sector officers (we know them as Branch Directors and Group/Division sups)
  122. Who works at the task level? 531
    Companies and personnel that are actually doing the work
  123. At the very minimum each team that entered the Hazard zone should have? 532
    A portable radio
  124. How is most communication at the tactical and task level accomplished? 532
    Face to face
  125. How can you ensure that the receiver completely understood the order and eliminate confusion? 533
    Have them parrot the order back to you
  126. What are the 2 types of staging? 533
    Level I and level II
  127. For level I staging what should engine companies not pass up? 533
    Don't pass their last water source
  128. What is one of the main advantages of staging? 533
    It eliminates resources from coming in directly and taking independent action
  129. What is the purpose of level II staging? 534
    To group units into resource pools
  130. Who is normally assigned to the staging area manager position? 534
    Normally the 1st officer, from the 1st unit assigned to staging
Card Set
Chief Part one 3-31-13
Chief Notes