1. I.                   The Rise of the United States
    • a.      Between 1860 and 1914, US shift from agrarian to industrial and unchallenged
    •                                                               i.      1900: Carnegie Steel Company produced more steel than Brit’s entire steel industry
    • b.      Industrializaitonà urbanization and growwht of cities; 40% Americans in cities
    •                                                               i.      4/5 of population came from migration
    •                                                             ii.      8-10 million Americans moved from rural areas into cities and 14 million foreigners came from abrad
  2. Worlds richest nation
    • a.      World’s richest nation and greatest industrial power
    •                                                               i.      Serious questions about quality of life
    • 1.      1890: 9% of Americans owned 71% of all wealth
    • 2.      Labor unrest over unsafe working conditions, strict work discipline, and periodic cycles of devastating unemployment led workers to organize
  3. American Federation of labor
    • a.      One national organization, the American Federation of Labor, emerged as labor’s dominant voice
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Lack of real power was reflectedin its membership figures (8.4% of industrial labor force)
  4. Progressive Era after
    • a.      Progressive Era after 1900: age of reform
    •                                                               i.      State governments enacted economic and social legislation, like laws governing hours, wages, etc.
    • Realization that state laws were ineffective in dealing with nationwide problems led to Progressive movement at national level
  5. Meat inspection act
    • 1.      nationwide problems led to Progressive movement at national level
    • a.      Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act provided for a limited degree of federal regulation of corrupt industrial practices
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Presidency of Wilson witnessed enactment of a gradauated federal income tax and the establishment of the Federal Reserve System, which permitted the federal government to play role in important economic decisions formerly made by bankers
    • 1.      Slowly adopting plicies that extended functions of the state 
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