1. One who visits a cave
    splunkers *helpful tip* Anne's versiom *spe-loonk-er*
  2. Karst topography includes
    • Sinkholes
    • Natural bridges
    • stream valleys 
    • Disappearing streams
    • Underlying mazes of solution caves
  3. Natural ongoing process by which water moves between the ocean
    water cycle
  4. Almost all of the earths fresh water that is not trapped in glacial ice is
  5. Sinkholes fill with water to form
    sinkhole ponds
  6. To hold groundwater a rock must have the property of
  7. A material that keeps water from flowing through is
  8. Some types of impermeable rocks
    • Shale
    • Clay
    • Most metamorphic 
    • Slate
    • Quarterzite
  9. A rock stratum that directs water from one place to another
  10. Sandstone becomes ________ as water flows by gravity underground into the stratum
  11. People who drill a new well for their home needed a "__ ___"
    Perc test
  12. Groundwater usually ends in ____ or ___
    lakes or oceans
  13. A cone shaped dip in the water table that is the deepest at the well pipe
    Cone of depression
  14. An area on the earths surface that resupplies groundwater
    Recharge Zone
  15. A substance that dissolves other substances
  16. Scientists call potable water with lots of dissolved minerals
    hard water
  17. Naturally low in calcium and magnesium compound (type of water)
    soft water
  18. Dissolved minerals in hard potable water can be removed by a process known as ___ ___
    water softening
  19. Hard waters can be treated with special water filters called ___ or ___
    • demineralizers
    • ion exchangers
  20. Happens as we add something to any resource that makes the resource no longer usable for a particular purpose
  21. Any animal or plant that naturally lives in an area
    native species
  22. Term biologists and medical specialists use to describe contamination by most kinds of intestinal bacteria
  23. Water used for cooling in power plants and other industries and can create ___ ____
    thermal pollution
  24. A naturally occurring underground space
  25. largest and most spectacular caves seem to have formed when great underground streams flowed through soluable rocks
    solution caves
  26. Rock formations that builf up from drips and trickles from cave ceilings or walls are called
    • Dripstone
    • Flowstone
  27. Formations are called ______ by cavers
  28. These three are forms of drip stone deposited from steepage out of cave ceilings
    • Stalactites 
    • Stalagmites 
    • Columns
  29. Icicle like projections that hang downward from ceiling
    Stalactites *helpful tip* (c) ceiling
  30. Secondary mineral deposits found in caves
  31. Similar to stalactites but project upwards
    stalagmites *helpful tip* (g) ground
  32. Stalagmites often include at there tip (2things)
    • Splash cup
    • Basin
  33. One of the most distinctive karst topography is _____
    sinkhole (just like the one in Florida recently)
  34. A certain place the water table meets the ground surface
  35. Second largest reserve of freshwater
  36. A good example of porous rock
  37. The quantity and size of the pores in the rock
  38. Porous rock that is _____ has pores or cracks that are connected an are area large enough so that water can flow
  39. The porous rock and soil above the water table
    zone of aeration
  40. Lies below the water table, every available space is filled with water
    zone of saturation
  41. When rest of water goes into ground
  42. How many liters of moister falls on the US each day?
    10-20 trill
  43. Inflow of water supply to support a groundwater reservoir is called ____?
    Recharging Zone
Card Set
by. Ydalia