Greek meaning "land between lakes." It was the first known civilization
Religion: the believe in "anthropomorphic gods" who appeared and acted like humans which Also believed in animism or belief that divine spirits existed in all natural objects. Very polytheistic.
Culture: created Cuneiform, first known form of writing. Also began using astronomy and mathematics. People clustered into larger, locations and the creation of the plow, potter's wheel and the introduction of bronze can be seen as responses to the demands of a more intensive economic life
Political: organized i City States that became responsible of all surrounding areas. City state was ruled by a king.
economic: the need for irrigation was essential to the growth and vitality of the civilization. Such need spawned advances in agricultural technology as the Mesopotamian civilization grew