US History Test #9

  1. 22 year old Japanese-American that got a letter to go to a relocation camp and refused
    Fred Koramatsu
  2. imposed a curfew for Japanese-Americans
    General John DeWitt
  3. invasion of North Africa
    Operation Torch
  4. US leaders - both arrive at 3 cities - in West moving to the east; ran Algiers, Casablanca
    Dwight David Eisenhower and Omar Bradley
  5. (Eng) land in the east - move West in between is the combine of Italian and Germans
    Bernard Montgomery
  6. "Desert Fox," led troops
    Lt. Irvin Rommel
  7. US leader of Operation Husky (invasion of Sicily)
    George Patton
  8. replaces Mussolini after he is arrested
    Pietro Badoglio
  9. Big 3
    FDR, Churchill, and Stalin
  10. largest land and sea invasion in world industry
    Operation Overlord
  11. D-Day
    June 6, 1944
  12. Yalta Conference
    • 1.) Germany will be divided into 4 sections
    • 2.) Each allied country will occupy a part
    • 3.) all 4 countries will have troops in Berlin
    • 4.) Stalin must declare war on Japan
    • 5.) there will be a meeting on April 25, 1945 to organize UN
  13. FDR dies
    April 12, 1945
  14. UN meets in San Francisco
    April 25, 1945
  15. Mussolini is executed
    April 28, 1945
  16. Hitler and wife, Eva Braun commit suicide
    April 30, 1945
  17. V-E Day
    May 8. 1945
  18. Replaced Hitler
    Karl Donitz
  19. signed German surrender
    Alfred Jodl
  20. concentration camp
  21. successful uprising against Nazis; over 300 escaped
    October 14, 1943
  22. practice sessions for invasion - staged in wake of Dover
    Exercise Tiger
  23. DeGaulle returns to France to take French gov't
    August 25, 1944
  24. attempts to kill Hitler with bomb in suitcase
    Klaus von Stauffenberg
  25. leaders at Battle of Midway (US)
    Adm. Richard Spruance, Adm. Frank Fletcher, and Adm. Chester Nimitz
  26. help defend Manila with other Filipinos until ordered to go to Australia until Hitler is defeated
    Douglass MacArthur
  27. plane with Atomic bomb; Hiroshima
    Enola Gay
  28. bombardier of Hiroshima
    Thomas Ferebee
  29. pilot of Hiroshima
    Paul Tibbetts
  30. Potsdam Conference
    Truman, Stalin, and Atlee

    • How to end the war:
    • 1.) Should we invade Japan?
    • 2.) Quarantine Japan
    • 3.) Offer a chance to surrender with some conditions
    • 4.) Truman tells of Atomic test - they debate its use, effects, and results
  31. becomes President after FDR dies (1945-52)
    Harry Truman
  32. Hiroshima bombed
    August 6, 1945
  33. Nagasaki bombed
    August 9, 1945
  34. V-J Day
    August 14, 1945
  35. formal surrender on the USS Missouri
    September 2, 1945
  36. prosecutor in Nuremberg trials
    Robert Jackson
  37. Nazi leaders are arrested
    Nuremberg trials
  38. leader of SS
  39. leader of German air force
  40. Nazi propaganda leader
  41. aids to Hitler
    Borman and Hess
  42. assumed leadership of Germany after Hitler died
  43. England and US charged Nazis in Nuremberg trials with:
    • 1.) crimes against humanity
    • 2.) acts of aggression
    • 3.) violation of the rules of war (mistreatment of POWs)
  44. judge of Nuremberg trials
    Geoffrey Laurence
  45. United Nations/Big 5
    US, USSR, England, France, and China
  46. benefits those who served in any branch of the military for a minimum of 90 days with honorable discharge
    Serviceman's Readjustment Act
  47. Atomic Energy Act
    • 1.) only the President may order the use of an Atomic bomb
    • 2.) created the Atomic Energy Organization to develop peaceful uses of atomic energy
  48. Taft-Hartley Labor Management Act
    • 1.) must be a 30 day notice for a strike in a major industry to occur
    • 2.) President may delay a strike for up to 80 days
    • 3.) labor unions must file annual financial reports
    • 4.) labor unions can be made to pay for damage caused during a strike
  49. 1st arrested for revealing Atomic bomb to USSR
    Klaus Fuchs
  50. accused by Fuchs for revealing Atomic bomb to USSR
    Harry Gold
  51. accused by Gold of revealing Atomic bomb to USSR
    David Greenglass
  52. accused by Greenglass for revealing Atomic bomb to USSR; executed
    Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
  53. prosecution in Rosenberg case
    Roy Cohn and Joseph Saypol
  54. defense attorney in Rosenberg case
    Emmanuel Bloch
  55. foreman that led jury in Rosenberg case that found them guilty
    Vincent Libonnette
  56. Evidence in Rosenberg case
    • Jello box story;
    • Gold ids Greenglass and Jello;
    • Rosenbergs are communists;
    • maid said they hosted parties that included Russians;
    • photos for passports
  57. part-time maid for Rosenbergs
    Evelyn Cox
  58. photo store owner took photos of the Rosenberg family (possibly for passports)
    Ben Schneider
  59. Rosenbergs die in electric chair at Sing Sing Prison
    June 19, 1953
  60. judge in Rosenberg case
    Irving Kaufman
  61. the appeal in the Rosenberg case
    • both Julius and Ethel deny Jello story;
    • both said Greenglass and his wife, Ruth were jealous of the Rosenbergs because they were wealthier;
    • the two families had invested in a business - it failed and hurt Greenglasses;
    • both had reduced their work in the communist part after they had children;
    • no direct evidence to link them to a crime; being a communist is not illegal;
    • hosting foreign citizens is not illegal;
    • the USSR is our ally, not an enemy
  62. attempt to kill Truman at Blair House by 2 people (Nationalists who think if they kill him, it will bring attention to the PRs desire to be independent)
    November 1, 1950
  63. attempted to assassinate Truman
    Oscar Collazo and Griesola Torresola
  64. secret service agent that died protecting Truman
    Leslie Coffelt
  65. term Churchill used to describe Europe dividing into democratic or communist
    Iron Curtain
  66. Trouble with USSR
    Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan set to try to remove communism
  67. the US will assist any country threatened by communist aggression
    Truman Doctrine
  68. the US will give $17 million for 16 countries to assist them after WWII
    Marshall Plan
  69. an alliance against the spread of communism
    Rio Pact
  70. elected communist leader of Argentina
    Juan Peron
  71. Jewish part of Palestine
  72. US Ambassador to Israel
    Ralph Bunche
  73. Dixiecrat candidate in 1948 election; didn't believe in equal rights
    Strom Thurmond
  74. North Korea invaded South Korea; backed by USSR
    June 25, 1950
  75. appointed as democratic leader of South Korea by US
    Syngman Rhee
  76. appointed as communist leader of North Korea by USSR
    Kym Il Sung
  77. Supreme Commander of UN troops in Korea
    Douglass MacArthur
  78. replaces MacArthur as Supreme Commander of UN troops in Korea
    Matthew Ridgeway
  79. Republican candidate in 1952 election
    Dwight Eisenhower
  80. VP for Eisenhower starting 1952
    Richard Nixon
  81. Checkers Speech
    • 1.) he didn't know that accepting money and gift was illegal
    • 2.) he did accept $18,000 in cash and some gifts from supporters
    • 3.) he didn't use it for personal items
    • 4.) he thought it could save taxpayer money
    • 5.) he outlines all of his assets and debt
    • 6.) he will give back all $ and gifts donated to him except a puppy named Checkers and asks the American public to call or telegram - stay or go?Internal
  82. returned the income tax rate to pre-WWII
    Internal Revenue Act
  83. outlawed communism in the US
    Communist Control Act
  84. leader of allegations made against over 100 Americans of disloyalty/treason that were not proven
    Sen. Joseph McCarthy
  85. created as cabinet position; Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare
  86. 1st Sec. of HEW
    Oveta Clup Hobby
  87. gave money to schools to expand or improve math and science programs
    National Defense Education Act
  88. American space research and space station
  89. Soviets launch 1st satellite
    October 4, 1957
  90. 1st satellite launched by Soviets
    Sputnik I
  91. $40 million to build interstate system
    Federal Highway Act
  92. Korean War "ended"
    July 27, 1953
Card Set
US History Test #9
The flashcards to the US History test which consists of mostly communist stuff