Womens health

  1. fibroadenoma
    mass of connective tissue that is unattched to the surrounding breast tissue and is usually discovered during a mammo. Oval, freely mobile, and rubbery
  2. Fibrocystic breast condition
    premeopausal women


    imbalance in the nomal estrogen-to-progesterone ratio

    symptoms=pain & tender lumps, lumps are rubbery, ill defined and found in upper outer quadrant
  3. FBC inconjuction with HRT
    these postmenopausal women may develop FBC

    does not increase chance of breast cancer

    • biopsy indicated if...
    • no fluid is aspirated
    • mammo shows suspicious findings
    • mass remains palpable after aspiration
    • aspirated fluid reveals cancer cells 
  4. treatment of FBC
    • mild analgesics
    • limiting salt
    • wear supportive bra (some find not wearing is comfortable)
    • ice/heat (temporary)
    • contraceptives
    • Danazol to surpress ovarian function
    • Vitamins C, E, and B complex
  5. ductal ectasia
    breast duct dilates and its walls thicken, causing duct to become blocked

    women approaching mennopause

    mass may be hard, irregular shaped, tender; green brown nipple discharge, enlarged axillary nodes, redness

    warm compresses, antibiotics, surgically removed
  6. papilloma
    woman 40-55

    pedunculated outgrowth of tissue

    bloody or serous nipple discharge

    microscopic exam of discharge and mass surgically removed
  7. gynecomastia
    "female breast" symptom in the male
  8. noninvasive breast cancer

    Invasive breast cancer
    *remains within the duct, 20%

    ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma

    *penetrates the tissue surrounding the duct

    infiltrating ductal carcinoma, fibrosis, inflammatory breast cancer
  9. dutal &

    lobular carcinoma
    *located within the duct, no invaded fatty breast tissue, not metastasize

    *rare, identified during biopsy from another problem
  10. infiltrating ductal carcinoma &

    inflammatory breast cancer
    *common type-pitting of breast, inverted nipples, fibrosis

    *rare, highly aggressive-swelling, skin redness, and pain in the breasts
  11. risk of developing breast cancer
    • exposure to ionzing radiation before 20
    • early menarche before 12
    • late mnopause after 50
    • hx of previous breast cancer
    • nulliparity (no pregnancies)
    • nutrition and HRT
    • alcohol
  12. neoadjuvant therapy
    shrinking of a tumor prior to sx
  13. breast-conserving sx


    modified radical mastectomy
    does not remove entire breast

    breast is completely removed
  14. lymphedema
    abnormal accumulation of protein fluid in the subcutaneous tissue of the affected limb afte ra mastectomy
  15. endomitriosis
    endometrial tissue implantation outside the uterus

    • dyspareunia (painful intercourse)
    • pain
    • pinful defecation
    • low back ache
    • infertility
    • nausea
    • diarrhea
  16. dysfunctional uterine bleeding
    bleeding more than 21 days

    occurs more often in beggining or ending of reproductive years

    d/t hormonal imbalances
  17. endometrial ablation
    removal of the built-up uterine lining stios the blood flow to fibroids that are causing excessive bleeding
  18. vulvovaginitis
    is inflammation of the lower genital tract resulting from a disturbance of the balance of hormones and flora in the vagina and vulva

    itching, change in vaginal discharge, odor, or lesions:

    • yeast infection
    • bacterial vaginosis
    • stds
    • vaginal atriphy
    • changes in normal flora, ph
    • antibiotics
    • HIV
  19. myomectomy
    removal of fibroids of the uterus
Card Set
Womens health
womens health