Barron's 3500 List 22

  1. gouge
    V. tear out. In that fight, all the rules were forgotten; the adversaries bit, kicked, and tried to gouge each other's eyes out.
  2. gourmand
    N. epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink. Gourmands lack self-restraint; if they enjoy a particular cuisine, they eat far too much of it.
  3. gourmet
    N. connoisseur of food and drink. The gourmet stated that this was the best onion soup she had ever tasted.
  4. graduated
    ADJ. arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.). Margaret loved her graduated set of Russian hollow wooden dolls; she spent hours happily putting the smaller dolls into their larger counterparts.
  5. graft
    N. piece of transplanted tissue; portion of plant inserted in another plant. After the fire, Greg required skin grafts to replace the badly damaged areas on his forearms. alsoV.
  6. grandeur
    N. impressiveness; stateliness; majesty. No matter how often he hiked through the mountains, David never failed to be struck by the grandeur of the Sierra Nevada range.
  7. grandiloquent
    ADJ. pompous; bombastic; using highsounding language. The politician could never speak simply; she was always grandiloquent.
  8. grandiose
    ADJ. pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive. The aged matinee idol still had grandiose notions of his supposed importance in the theatrical world.
  9. granulate
    V. form into grains. Sugar that has been granulated dissolves more readily than lump sugar. granule, N.
  10. graphic
    ADJ. pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described. I was particularly impressed by the graphic presentation of the storm.
  11. grapple
    V. wrestle; come to grips with. He grappled with the burglar and overpowered him.
  12. grate
    V. make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred. The screams of the quarreling children grated on her nerves.
  13. gratify
    V. please. Lori's parents were gratified by her successful performance on the SAT.
  14. gratis
    ADJ. free. The company offered to give one package gratis to every purchaser of one of their products. alsoADJ.
  15. gratuitous
    ADJ. given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for. Quit making gratuitous comments about my driving; no one asked you for your opinion.
  16. gravity
    N. seriousness. We could tell we were in serious trouble from the gravity of the principal's expression. (secondary meaning) grave,ADJ.
  17. gregarious
    ADJ. sociable. Typically, partygoers are gregarious; hermits are not.
  18. grievance
    N. cause of complaint. When her supervisor ignored her complaint, she took her grievance to the union.
  19. grill
    V. question severely. In violation of the Miranda law, the police grilled the suspect for several hours before reading him his rights. (secondary meaning)
  20. grimace
    N. a facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc. Even though he remained silent, his grimace indicated his displeasure. alsoV.
  21. grisly
    ADJ. ghastly. She shuddered at the grisly sight.
  22. grouse
    V. complain; fuss. Students traditionally grouse about the abysmal quality of "mystery meat" and similar dormitory food.
  23. grotesque
    ADJ. fantastic; comically hideous. On Halloween people enjoy wearing grotesque costumes.
  24. grove
    N. group of trees (smaller than a forest); orchard. To the child, the small grove of oaks was as vast as Sherwood Forest, in which he played that legendary hero, Robin Hood.
  25. grovel
    V. crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate. Even though we have been defeated, we do not have to grovel before our conquerors.
  26. grudging
    ADJ. unwilling; reluctant; stingy. We received only grudging support from the mayor despite his earlier promises of aid.
  27. gruel
    V. liquid food made by boiling oatmeal, etc., in milk or water. Our daily allotment of gruel made the meal not only monotonous but also unpalatable.
  28. grueling
    ADJ. exhausting. The marathon is a grueling race.
  29. gruesome
    ADJ. grisly; horrible. His face was the stuff of nightmares: all the children in the audience screamed when Freddy Kruger's gruesome countenance was flashed on the screen.
  30. gruff
    ADJ. rough-mannered. Although he was blunt and gruff with most people, he was always gentle with children.
  31. guffaw
    N. boisterous laughter. The loud guffaws that came from the closed room indicated that the members of the committee had not yet settled down to serious business. alsoV.
  32. guile
    N. deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning. lago uses considerable guile to trick Othello into believing that Desdemona has been unfaithful.
  33. guileless
    ADJ. without deceit. He is naive, simple, and guileless; he cannot be guilty of fraud.
  34. guise
    N. appearance; costume. In the guise of a plumber, the detective investigated the murder case.
  35. gullible
    ADJ. easily deceived. Overly gullible people have only themselves to blame if they fall for con artists repeatedly. As the saying goes, "Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me."
  36. gustatory
    ADJ. affecting the sense of taste. The Thai restaurant offered an unusual gustatory experience for those used to a bland cuisine.
  37. gusto
    N. enjoyment; enthusiasm. He accepted the assignment with such gusto that I feel he would have been satisfied with a smaller salary.
  38. gusty
    ADJ. windy. The gusty weather made sailing precarious.
  39. hackneyed
    ADJ. commonplace; trite. When the reviewer criticized the movie for its hackneyed plot, we agreed; we had seen similar stories hundreds of times before.
  40. haggard
    ADJ. wasted away; gaunt. After his long illness, he was pale and haggard.
  41. haggle
    V. argue about prices. I prefer to shop in a store that has a one-price policy because, whenever I haggle with a shopkeeper, I am never certain that I paid a fair price for the articles I purchased.
  42. hallowed
    ADJ. blessed; consecrated. Although the dead girl's parents had never been active churchgoers, they insisted that their daughter be buried in hallowed ground.
  43. hallucination
    N. delusion. I think you were frightened by a hallucination you created in your own mind.
  44. halting
    ADJ. hesitant; faltering. Novice extemporaneous speakers often talk in a halting fashion as they grope for the right words.
  45. hamper
    V. obstruct. The new mother didn't realize how much the effort of caring for an infant would hamper her ability to keep an immaculate house.
  46. haphazard
    ADJ. random; by chance. His haphazard reading left him unacquainted with the authors of the books.
  47. harangue
    N. noisy speech. In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders. alsoV.
  48. harass
    V. to annoy by repeated attacks. When he could not pay his bills as quickly as he had promised, he was harassed by his creditors.
  49. harbinger
    N. forerunner. The crocus is an early harbinger of spring.
  50. harbor
    V. provide a refuge for; hide. The church harbored illegal aliens who were political refugees.
  51. hardy
    ADJ. sturdy; robust; able to stand inclement weather. We asked the gardening expert to recommend particularly hardy plants that could withstand our harsh New England winters.
  52. harrowing
    ADJ. agonizing; distressing; traumatic. At first the former prisoner did not wish to discuss his harrowing months of captivity as a political hostage.
  53. haughtiness
    N. pride; arrogance. When she realized that Darcy believed himself too good to dance with his inferiors, Elizabeth took great offense at his haughtiness.
  54. hazardous
    ADJ. dangerous. Your occupation is too hazardous for insurance companies to consider your application.
  55. hazy
    ADJ. slightly obscure. In hazy weather, you cannot see the top of this mountain.
  56. headlong
    ADJ. hasty; rash. The slave seized the unexpected chance to make a headlong dash across the border to freedom.
  57. headstrong
    ADJ. stubborn; willful; unyielding. Because she refused to marry the man her parents had chosen for her, everyone scolded Minna and called her a foolish headstrong girl.
  58. heckler
    N. person who harasses others. The heckler kept interrupting the speaker with rude remarks. heckle,V.
  59. hedonist
    N. one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life. A thoroughgoing hedonist, he considered only his own pleasure and ignored any claims others had on his money or time.
  60. heed
    V. pay attention to; consider. We hope you heed our advice and get a good night's sleep before the test. also N.
  61. heedless
    ADJ. not noticing; disregarding. He drove on, heedless of the danger warnings placed at the side of the road.
  62. heinous
    ADJ. atrocious; hatefully bad. Hitler's heinous crimes will never be forgotten.
  63. herbivorous
    ADJ. grain-eating. Some herbivorous animals have two stomachs for digesting their food.
  64. heresy
    N. opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion. Galileo's assertion that the earth moved around the sun directly contradicted the religious teachings of his day; as a result, he was tried for heresy. heretic, N.
  65. hermetic
    ADJ. sealed by fusion so as to be airtight. After you sterilize the bandages, place them in a container and seal it with a hermetic seal to protect them from contamination by airborne bacteria.
  66. hermitage
    N. home of a hermit. Even in his remote hermitage he could not escape completely from the world.
  67. heterodox
    ADJ. unorthodox; unconventional. To those who upheld the belief that the earth did not move, Galileo's theory that the earth circled the sun was disturbingly heterodox.
  68. heterogeneous
    ADJ. dissimilar; mixed. This year's entering class is a remarkably heterogeneous body: it includes students from forty different states and twenty-six foreign countries, some the children of billionaires, others the offspring of welfare families. heterogenity, N.
  69. heyday
    N. time of greatest success; prime. In their heyday, the San Francisco Forty-Niners won the Super Bowl two years running.
  70. hiatus
    N. gap; interruption in duration or continuity; pause. During the summer hiatus, many students try to earn enough money to pay their tuition for the next school year.
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Barron's 3500 List 22