Medication Administration

  1. process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry into the body to the bloodstream
  2. undesirable effects other than the intended therapeutic effect of a drug
    adverse drug effects
  3. immune system response that occurs when the body interprets the administered drug as a foreign substance and forms antibodies against drugs
    allergic effect
  4. glass flask containing a single dose of medication for parenteral administration
  5. severe reaction occurring immediately after exposure to a drug; characterized by respiratory distress and vascular collapse
    anaphylactic reaction/anaphylaxis
  6. combined effect of two or more drugs that produces less than the effect of each drug alone
    antagonist effect
  7. condition that occurs when the body cannot metabolize a drug before additional doses are administered
    cumulative effect
  8. movement of drugs by the circulatory system to the site of action
  9. tendency of the body to become accustomed to a drug over time; larger doses are required to produce  the desired effects
    drug tolerance
  10. removal of a drug from the body
  11. name assigned by the manufacturer who first develops a drug; it is often derived from the chemical name
    generic name
  12. the amount of time it takes for half a dose of a drug to be eliminated from the body
  13. unusual, unexpected response to a rug that may manifest itself by overresponse, underresponse, or response different from the expected outcome
    idiosyncratic effect
  14. administration of a drug in solution via the respiratory tract
  15. injection placed just below the epidermis
    intradermal injection
  16. an injection into deep muscle tissue, usually of the buttock, thigh , or upper arm
    intramuscular injection
  17. injection of a solution into the vein
    intravenous route
  18. breakdown of a drug to an inactive form; also referred to as biotransformation
  19. battery-operated pump for intermittent infusion allowing medication mixed in a syringe to be connected to the primary line and delivered by mechanical pressure applied to the syringe plunger
    mini-infusion pump
  20. name by which a drug is identified in official publications
    official name
  21. outside of intestines or alimentary canal; popularly used to refer to injection routes
  22. highest plasma concentration of a drug
    peak level
  23. process by which drug alters cell physiology and affect the body
  24. movement of drug molecules in the body in relation to the drug's absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion
  25. study of action of chemicals on living organisms
  26. dynamic that achieves the desired therapeutic effect of the drug without causing other undesirable effect
  27. intermittent IV administration of medications through a primary IV line, with the additive container positioned higher than the primary IV solution
    piggyback delivery system
  28. latin word meaning, "i shall please"; an inactive substance that gives satisfaction to the person using it
  29. directives commonly written for treatment of symptoms "as needed"
    p.r.n orders
  30. single order carried out immediately
    stat order
  31. injection into the subcutaneous tissue that lies between the epidermis and the muscle
    subcutaneous injection
  32. combined effect of two or more drugs is greater than the effect of each drug alone
    synergistic effect
  33. known to have potential to cause developmental defects in the embryo or fetus
  34. that concentration of drug in the blood serum that produces the desired effect without causing toxicity
    therapeutic range
  35. application of a substance directly to a body surface
    topical application
  36. specific group of symptoms related to drug therapy that carry risk for permanent damage or death
    toxic effects (toxicities)
  37. drug name selected and trademarked by the company marketing the drug; also called brand name or proprietary name
    trade name
  38. the point when a drug is at its lowest concentration
    trough level
  39. glass bottle with self-sealing stopper through which medication is removed; may be single or multiple dose
  40. intermittent intravenous medication infusion diluted with a small amount of solution
    volume-control administration set
  41. technique used to administer medications intramuscularly that ensures the medication does not leak back along the needle track and into the subcutaneous tissue, reducing pain and discomfort
    z-track technique
Card Set
Medication Administration