Home Economics - Consumers and Shopping

  1. What is a consumer?
    This is someone who buys or uses goods and services
  2. What is the difference between a need and a want in relation to being a consumer?
    A need is an essential good or service eg. food whereas a want is a non-essential good or service eg. a car
  3. Describe the factors that can influence consumer decisions

    Peer pressure

    Fashion trends


    Personal values


  4. What is impulse buying?
    This is buying things on the spur of the moment without thinking
  5. Outline the factors that should be considered when buying a product







    Brand name

    Environmental impact

    After sales service


    Size and comfort
  6. List the sources of consumer information
    Newspapers and magazines


    Golden Pages


    Word of mouth

    Sales assistant

    Brochures and leaflets
  7. Explain four shopping trends that have occurred in recent years
    1. A decrease in the number of corner shops

    2. An increase in supermarkets

    3. An increase in the number of shopping centres

    4. Increased late opening and Sunday shopping

    5. Better facilities for shoppers

    6. Increase in Internet shopping
  8. List the advantages of counter service shopping
    Personal friendly service


    Some give credit

    Some pack and deliver groceries
  9. List the disadvantages of self service shopping
    Less personal

    More likely yo impulse buy

    Need a car to get to the shop

    Long queues at checkout
  10. Describe, with examples, four different types of shopping centres
    1. Multiple chain store - large self service shop eg. Dunnes Stores

    2. Voluntary chain stores - a person can apply and pay to be part of a voluntary chain eg. Londis

    3. Independent shop - family run shop that open late but have limited choice of products eg. O'Boyles corner shop

    4. Specialist shop - usually sell only one type of product eg. Specsavers

    5. Department store - very large shops divided into different departments eg. Brown Thomas
  11. Outline four shopping guidelines that should be followed
    1. Make a list

    2. Stick to the list and avoid impulse buying

    3. Shop around for value for money

    4. Bulk buy as it is cheaper

    5. Check expiry dates

    6. Do not shop when tired or hungry

    7. Buy shopping bags
  12. What are bar codes?
    This is a series of lines and spaces that are read by a scanner attached to a computerised cash register
  13. Give an advantage of bar codes
    An itemised receipt allows customers to see exactly what was bought
  14. Give a disadvantage of bar codes
    Goods are not individually priced
  15. Explain different methods that supermarkets use to encourage you to buy more
    1. Consumer loyalty cards

    2. A large trolley

    3. Mirrors, lighting and colour gives fruit and vegetables a fresh look

    4. Background music covers up the noise and makes you relax

    5. Heavy goods at the front so that you will get a trolley

    6. The smell of bread makes you feel hungry so you buy more

    7. Essentials such as milk at the back so you have to walk through the shop

    8. Sweets are placed at checkouts so that you will buy them
  16. Describe four methods that can be used to pay for goods


    Laser card

    Credit card
  17. What is meant by the term loss leader?
    These are goods sold off cheaply by the retailer
  18. What is meant by the term bulk buying?
    This is buying products in large quantities because it is cheaper
  19. What is meant by the term unit pricing?
    These are goods being priced per unit eg. per kilogram
  20. What is meant by the term own brand?
    These are often good quality and much cheaper than branded products eg. St. Bernards
Card Set
Home Economics - Consumers and Shopping
Consumers and Shopping