NRCM test 2

  1. habitat adaptations
    • climate, soils, elevation, shade tolerance
    • wtland to upland habitats
    • asspect
  2. angiospers
    • ovaires and fruit
    • 250,000 species largest and most divers
  3. gymnospermas
    and vascular plant that reproduces by and exposed seed, cone are not same as fruit
  4. LA habitats
    • oak hickry-
    • oak pine
    • tall grass parie
    • coastal plane
    • coastal marsh
  5. OBL
    • obligate wetland
    • 99%¬† in wetland under natural condition
  6. FUCW
    • fuculative wetland plants
    • 67-99%
  7. natural range
    land plant is restricted in nature to a particular geographical area wherne conditions of climate and soil are suitable and available for it growth and repro. and where it has been documented to occur
  8. FAC
    • faculative wetland plant
    • 33-66% occuance in wetland
  9. FACU
    • facculative up land plant
    • 33-66% non wetlands
  10. UPL
    • faculative upland
    • 99% not in wetlands
  11. Herb
    no above ground persistent wood tissue by may have underground perennating structres,
  12. Subshrub
    lower stems woody but upper stems herbaceous
  13. shrub
    woody low stature perennial plant with one to many slender trucks arising from near its base
  14. Tree
    large woody perennial plant with one the several relatively massive trunks and an elvated crown
  15. succulent
    possessing think ussally soft watery lvs and stems
  16. vine
    a woody or herbaceaus plant with a long slender more or less flexible stem whitch cannot support iteslf
  17. liana
    a woody climbing vine
  18. 4 primary habits are
    • excuuent
    • deliqusent
    • palmlike
    • yccan-type
  19. excuuent
    • a central dominate truck and symmetrical croncal or spirelike crown of many conifers and some hardwoods
    • Examples:
    • Pinus Palustris
    • P. Taeda
    • Juniperus virginiana
  20. deliquescent
    • with reeatedly forked stems giving rise to a spreading form such as in oak male and most hard woods
    • example:
    • Quercus virginia
    • Q. Nigra
    • Ulmus americana
  21. ycca type
    • with a basal rosette of long stiff leavs and central tall flowering stalk or irregularly branched thick trunk as in the tree like yccas
    • example:
    • Yucca sp.
  22. palm like
    • an ungranched trunk and leaves on in the top rosette in plams and mosy cycads
    • Sabal Minor = example
  23. Leaves
    • lateral appendages on stem
    • usual serve as the primar photosynthetic surface on the plant
  24. Evergreen
    bearig green foliage all year round
  25. Deciduous
    the loss of leaves during unfav. conditions
  26. Leaf blade
    expanded portion of a leaf
  27. Petiole
    stalk of leaf
  28. stipules
    pair of appendages located at the base
  29. simple leaf
    leaf with a single blade it is not divided into leaflets there is always a flange of blade tissue connecting adjacent lobes
  30. Compound leaf
    • a leaf with more than one blade per petiole
    • it is made up of tow or more leaflets and these leaflets are wholly speerate
  31. petiolule
    the stalk of a leaflet
  32. leaflet
    on the segments of compound leaf
  33. rachis
    the axis of a pinnately compound leaf
  34. pinnately compound
    • a leaf in whcih there are more than 3 leaflet arranged in 2 row along¬† common axis
    • the leaflets are attahed like the vanes of a feather
  35. Pinna
    the primary divison of a pinnateley compound leaf
  36. Bipinnately compound
    leaf divided twice
  37. palmately compound
    where the leafes arise form a common point of attachment NO RACHIS
  38. triboliolate
    a compound leaf with 3 leaflets
  39. Trifoliate
    3 seperate leaves arising form the same node
  40. Petolate
    attching by a petiole
  41. sessile
    lacking petiole
  42. subsessile
    very short petiole
  43. sheathing
    leaf base wraps around the stem
  44. Trees that have subopp. leaf arrangement
    buckthorn, sweet leaf
  45. basal
    leavs attached to rhizome or other underground stem
  46. cauline
    leaves attached to above ground stem
  47. alternete
    one leaf per node
  48. opposite
    2 leaves per node
  49. Pinnate leaf venation
    consistinf of central midvane with many secondary veins emerging on both sides to form a feather liek patteren
  50. palmate leaf venation
    all primar arrise at the same point at the base of the leaf
  51. parallel
    veins lie more or less strait to leaf margins
  52. pinnipalmate leaf venation
    it some with intermdiat b/w pinnate and palmate with which the lower pair of veins arasiing at the mid rib is light larger than the other secondaires with large tertary veins going lower margins.
  53. dichotomous
    has repeated forking or y branching found in gnko
  54. leaf shapes and examples
    • Acicular = Pinus spp
    • lanceolate= Salix nigra
    • Spatulate= Quercus nigra
    • Reniform= Cercis canadensis
    • Deltae= Populus deltoides
    • Rhombic Q. Laurifolia
    • Linear=Q. phellos
  55. Linear
    long and narrow with sided parell
  56. oblong
    nearly rectangular with the side parellel
  57. lanceeolate
    spear shaped widening about base then long spering to apex
  58. Ovate
    egg shaped broad neares base
  59. obvate
    ovate but with narrower end toward point of attchment
  60. Elliptic
    ellipse shaped wides near middle and tapering at both ends
  61. orbicular
    circle shaped
  62. reniform
    kidney shaped
  63. acicular
    needle likevery long and slender variously shaped in cross section
  64. Detate
    delta shaped, trangular
  65. rhombic
    dimond shaped more less symmetrical with the widest point at the center and the sides more or less straight to the apex and base
  66. spatulate n
    narrower than obvate shaped like a pstula with a broad apex and tapering to the base
  67. acute
    shar ending in a point with a straight side less than 90 degrees
  68. acumnate
    sharp ending in long tapering with concave sides
  69. obtuse
    blunt rounded greater than 90 degrees
  70. mucronate
    a small abrute point
  71. acute
    sharp less than 90 degrees
  72. cordate
    sharp equal rounded lobes at the base
  73. peltate
    unbrella the peiole is attached the blade inside to the margin
  74. entire margin
    a margin without any toothing or division
  75. crenate margins
    scallaped or round toothed
  76. serrate
    a sawtooth margin with sharp teeth pointing toward
  77. dentale
    sharp teeth projectin at right angles form the margin
  78. lobing
    when the blade margins are indent one qrt to 1/2 disicht 2 midrib or base
  79. conifer leaves
    in many conifers the linear sublate and scale leaves are attached and extend down the stem for some distance below the point of divergence= decuent leaf base
  80. pnnately lobed
    loved towards the mid but not reachint it
  81. Palmately lobed
    loves all arrising form 1 point a tthe base of the leaf
  82. cleft
    indentino or incsions cut 1/2 - 1/4 a to mid rib or mid vein
  83. lobed
    large 1/8 - 1/4 distance to mid vein
  84. Incises
    margins shrply and deeply cut usually jaggedly
Card Set
NRCM test 2