1. bladder no longer controlled by the brain because of injury or disease, void by reflex only
    autonomic bladder
  2. condition that occurs when bacteria enter the bladder during catheterization, or when organisms migrate up the catheter lumen or the urethra into the bladder, bacteria in the urine
  3. soft pliable sheath made of silicone material applied externally to the penis
    external condom catheter
  4. state in which a person experiences an involuntary unpredictable passage of urine
    functional incontinence
  5. blood in the urine
  6. urinary diversion in which the ureters are connected to the ileum with a stoma created on the abdominal wall
    ileal conduit
  7. catheter that remains in place for continuous urine drainage, synonym for Foley catheter
    indwelling urethral catheter
  8. repetitious contraction and relaxation of the pubococcygeal muscle to improve vaginal tone and urinary continence
    kegel exercises
  9. process of emptying the bladder
    micturition, voiding,urination
  10. symptoms of urge and stress incontinence are present, although one type may predominate
    mixed incontinence
  11. capable of causing kidney damage
  12. excessive urination during the night
  13. involuntary loss of urine associated with overdistention and overflow of the bladder
    overflow incontinence
  14. urine that remains in the bladder after the act of micturition, synonym of residual urine
    postvoid residual (PVR)
  15. emptying of the bladder without the sensation of the need to void
    reflex incontinence
  16. type of urine test which measure the concentration of particles including wastes and electrolytes in the urine
    specific gravity
  17. state in which a person experiences a loss of urine of less than 50ml that occurs with increased abdominal pressure
    stress incontinence
  18. catheter inserted into the bladder through a small abdominal incision above the pubic are
    suprapubic catheter
  19. continuous and unpredictable loss of urine, resulting from trauma surgery or physical malformation
    total incontinence
  20. occurrence which appears suddenly and lasts for 6 months or less and usually is caused by treatable factors, such as confusion secondary to acute illness,infection and as a result of medical treatment, such as the use of diuretics or IV fluid administration
    transient incontinence
  21. state in which a person experienced involuntary passage of urine that occurs soon after a strong sense of urgency to void
    urge incontinence
  22. surgical creation of an alternate route for excretion of urine
    urinary diversion
  23. any involuntary loss of urine that causes sucha a problem
    urinary incontinence
  24. opening at the end of the anal canal
  25. the inability of the analog sphincter to control the discharge of fecal and gaseous material
    bowel incontinence
  26. program that manipulates factors within a person's control (timing of defecation, exercise,diet) to produce a regular pattern of comfortable defecation without medication or enemas
    bowel training program
  27. medication that strongly increases gastrointestinal motility and promotes defecation
  28. an opening into the colon that permit feces to exit through the stoma
  29. passage of dry hard fecal material
  30. emptying of the intestinal tract, synonym for bowel movement
  31. passage of liquid and unformed stools
  32. direct visualization of hollow organs of the body using an endoscope of flexible lighted tube
  33. introduction of solution into the lower bowel
  34. collection in the rectum of hardened feces that cannot be passed
    fecal impaction
  35. involuntary or inappropriate passing of stool or flatus
    fecal incontinence
  36. intestinal waste products
  37. excessive formation of gases in the GI tract
  38. intestinal gas
  39. abnormally distended rectal veins
  40. opening into the small intestine allows fecal content from the ileum to be eliminated through the stoma
  41. drug used to induce emptying of the intestinal tract
  42. blood present in such a minute quantities that it cannot be detected with the unassisted eye
    occult blood
  43. general term referring to an artificial opening created for the excretion of body wastes
  44. paralysis of intestinal peristalsis
    paralytic ileus
  45. involuntary progressive wave-like movement of the musculature of the GI tract
  46. artificial opening for waste excretion located on the body surface
  47. excreted feces
  48. oval or cone shaped substance that is inserted into a body cavity and that melts at body temperature
  49. forcible exhalation against a closed glottis, resulting in increased intrathoracic pressure, dangerous
    valsalva maneuver
  50. difficulty in voiding; may or may not be associated with pain
  51. involuntary urination; most often used to refer to a child who involuntarily urinates during the night
  52. excessive output of urine (diuresis)
  53. scanty or greatly diminished amount of urine voided in a given time; 24 hr. urine output is 100 to 400 mL
  54. technically, no urine voided; 24 hr. urine output is less than 100 mL
  55. strong desire to void
  56. delay or difficulty in initiating voiding
  57. Disease that is caused by an infection in the urinary tract. The condition involves a sepsis, or an accumulation of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood of the urinary tract. This leads to a poisoning of the blood and gives rise to severe health complications like damage of organs which can even cause death.
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