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what makes up the vertebral column?
what does the vertebral column do?
provides vertical support for the body
supports weight of the head
maintains an upright body position
houses and protects the spinal cord
what are the 5 divisions of the vertebral column?
what forms the bones of the neck?
how many vertebrae are in the cervical division?
what does the c1 articulate with?
the occipital condyle
what does the c7 articulate with?
the first thoracic vertebra
what forms the superior region of the back?
what also articulates with the ribs?
how many vertebrae are in the thoracic division?
what does T12 articulate with?
first lumbar vertebra
what forms the inferior concave region (small of back)?
how many vertebrae are in the lumbar region?
L5 articulates inferiorly with the first ________ vertebra
Sacrum is formed from ____ _____ vertebrae
the sacrum laterally articulates with the two ______ ______
what is commonly called the "tailbone"
what forms the coccyx?
formed from 4 cocygeal vertebrae
when do the coccyx start to unite?
what does the Co1 articulate inferiorly with?
the end of sacrum
what are the 4 spinal curvatures?
what do the 4 spinal curvatures give the column?
what are the 2 primary curves?
what is the only curves present in the newborn?
when do the secondary curves appear?
what do the secondary curves help?
helps shift trunk weight over to the legs
what is the secondary curves and when do they appear?
cervical curve ( when child is able to hold up head (3-4 months))
lumbar curve ( learning to stand and walk (by first year of life)
what is kyphosis?
hunchback thoracic curvature
what is lordosis?
exaggerated lumbar curvature
what is scoliosis?
abnormal lateral curvature
where do pedicles originate from when speaking about the vertebra?
postereolateral margins of body
what allows the vertebral column to bend?
intervertebral discs are made out of an outer ring of fibrocartilage called _____ and an inner gelatinous region called _____
what supports only the weight of the head?
the atlas of the neck lacks what two things?
the spinous process
where is the atlas?
what permits the head to shake yes and no?
where is the axis?
in the thoracic vertebrae what lacks transverse costal facets?
when does the xiphoid process ossify?
costal cartilage of ribs_______ fused to ______ of ____ ____
What is the pectoral girdle?
clavicles and the scapulae
what is the "collarbone"?
what forms the sternoclavicular joint?
the sternal end of clavical articulating with the manubrium
sternal end of clavical articulates with...
acromial end of clavicle articulates with the...
acromion of the scapula
what forms the acromioclavicular joint?
the acromial end of clavical articulating with the acromion of the scapula
which side of the clavical has grooves allowing for muscle attachment?
the inferior surface of the clavicle
where is the conoid tubercle?
rouch tubercle on the inferior surface near acromial end
what is the costal tuberosity?
inferiorly located prominence on sternal end
radial tuberosity is an attachment site for _____ ______
what is supination?
in anatomical position
radius on lateral side
ulna on medial side
what is pronation?
radius and ulna pivoting
palm facing posteriorly
what is "carrying angle"?
upper limbs extended and forarms supinated
what are carpals?
bones that form wrist
what are the 8 carpals?
what are metacarpals?
bones in the palm of the hand
what are proximal phalanx?
articulating phalanx with the metacarpals
what are distal phalanx?
tip of fingers
what are middle phalanx?
between proximal and distal phalanges
what is the pelvis composed of?
right and left ossa coxae
what does the pelvis do?
supports the viccera in inferior part of ventral body cavity
what does the pelvic girdle refer to?
only either the right and left ossa coxae
what is the hip bone?
os coxae are formed by three bones. what are they?
when do the os coxae fuse
between ages 13-15
the os coxae articulates _____ with ______ at ______ ______
the femur articulates with the...
what is the c-shaped smooth surface on acetabulum?
the lunate surface articulates with the.....
out of all 3 bones of the osa coxae which is the largest?
what forms the superior region of the os coxae?
waht supports the weight of the body when seated?
postereolateral border of the ichium
where are the ischial tuberosites located?
posterolateral border of ischium
how do male and female pelves differ with respect to shape of the pubis, subpubic angle, greater sciatic notch, and overall shape of the pelvis?
females= pubis is longer and almost rectangular, subpubic angle is wider and more convex, greater sciatic notch is wider, and the pelvis is shallower and wider
what are the components of the lower limb?
what are the bones of the upper limb?
1 tibia and fibula
7 tarsal bones
5 metatarsal bones
what is the longest, heaviest, strongest bone in the body?
what is a fovea?
tiny depression within head of the femur
how many tarsal bones are there?
what are the 7 tarsal bones?
_____ forms arched sole of foot
phalanges of the foot have ____ amount of bones
what is a hallux?
the great toe
arches help support what?
the weight of the body
medial lonituginal arch is the ______ of the three arches
medial longitudinal arch extends from _____ to _____
lateral longitudinal arch extends between ______ ____ and the _______ formed by _____, ______ _____, _______ & ____
where is the transverse arch?
runs perpendicular to longitudinal arches
formed from distal row of tarsals and bases of all metatarsals