Heart Assessment

  1. acute rheumatic fever
    a systemic connective tissue disease occurring after streptococcal pharyngitis or skin infections
  2. angina
    • substernal pain or intense pressure radiating to the neck, jaw, and/or arms
    • caused by myocardial ischemia
  3. atherosclerotic heart disease
    condition caused by deposits of cholesterol and/or other lipids and by a complex inflammatory process
  4. atria
    reservoirs for blood returning to heart
  5. atrial septal defect
    congenital defect in the septum dividing the left and right atria
  6. bacterial endocarditis
    bacterial infection of the endothelial layer of the heart and valves
  7. cardiac tamponade
    excessive accumulation of effused fluids or blood between the pericardium
  8. congestive heart failure
    a condition in which the heart fails to propel blood forward with its usual force resulting in congestion in the pulmonary or systemic circulation
  9. cor pulmonale
    enlargement of the right ventricle secondary to pulmonary malfunction
  10. diastole
    phase of the cardiac cycle during which the ventricles dilates
  11. fallot
    a congenital syndrome characterized by cyanosis after the neonatal period
  12. intrinsic
    referring to the type of electrical conduction system that makes the heart autonomous
  13. kawasaki disease
    inflammation in the walls of small- and medium-sized arteries throughout the body, including the coronary arteries
  14. mitral regurgitation
    abnormal leaking of blood through the mitral valve, from the left ventricle into the left atrium
  15. myocardial infarction
    ischemic myocardial necrosis secondary to an abrupt decrease in coronary blood flow
  16. myocarditis
    focal or diffuse inflammation of the myocardium
  17. myocardium
    • middle layer of the heart
    • responsible for the pumping action of the heart
  18. patent ductus arteriosus
    failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth
  19. pericarditis
    sudden inflammation of the pericardium
  20. PMI
    • point of maximal impulse
    • location where apical pulse is most readily seen or felt
  21. pericardium
    double-walled, fibrous sac encasing the heart
  22. purkinje fibers
    fibers of the ventricular myocardium that conduct the electrical impulses in the heart
  23. regurgitation
    backward flow of blood
  24. rheumatic fever
    • systemic connective tissue desase
    • commonly occurs after streptococcal pharyngitis or skin infection
  25. senile cardiac amyloidosis
    condition caused by deposits of amyloid, fibrillary protein produced by chronic inflammation or neoplastic disease
  26. sick sinus syndrome
    an arrhythmia caused by a malfunction of the sinus node
  27. sinoatrial node
    small mass of cardiac muscle fibers where the heart's impulse of stimulation originates
  28. still murmur
    an ausculatory sound occurring in healthy children 3 to 7 years of age
  29. systole
    contraction phase of the cardiac cycle
  30. tetrology of fallot
    syndrome consisting of four cardiac defects: ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, dextroposition of the aorta, and right ventricular hypertrophy
  31. thrill
    fine, palpable, rushing vibration
  32. ventricular septal defect
    an opening between the left and right ventricles of the heart
Card Set
Heart Assessment
H.A. test 4