medical terminology week 4

  1. cutis
  2. cryo
  3. cyan, cyano
  4. erythema
  5. hidro
  6. kerato
    horny, scaly
  7. leuko
  8. macula
    spot, stain
  9. melano
    black, melanin
  10. onych, onycho
  11. papula
  12. pilo
  13. pruritus
  14. rhytido
  15. sclero
  16. squama
  17. sudor
  18. tinea
  19. vesico
  20. xero
  21. collagen
    elastic fibers found in skin (structural fibers)
  22. corium, derma, dermis
    middle layers of skin
  23. keratin
    tough outer tissue of skin. hard protein, horny/scaly
  24. epidermis
    top layer of skin
  25. epithelium
    king of tissue you find in skin
  26. integument
  27. pigment
    gives you color
  28. pore
    opening end of sweat glands
  29. sebaceous glands
    oil producing glands
  30. sebum
    the oil from sebaceous glands
  31. subungal
    under the nail
  32. sudoriferous glands
    sweat glands
  33. acne
    inflammation of the sebaceous glands
  34. albinism
    no pigment in the skin
  35. alopecia
    hair loss
  36. characteristic of first degree burn
  37. characteristic of second degree burn
  38. characteristic of third degree burn
    tissue loss
  39. cellulitis
    inflammation of the skin, but very severe
  40. decubitus ulcer
    need sore, caused by constant pressure on one spot
  41. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin caused by contact to allergen
  42. dermatophytosis
    a fungus infection of the skin
  43. eczema
    a skin infection with pimples and pus, with "weeping“
  44. gangrene
    the skin tissue has died
  45. herpes simplex
    "cold sore"
  46. impetigo
    staphococcus "staph"  infection
  47. leukoderma
    white patches on the skin where there is no melanin
  48. melanoderma
    uneven places on the skin where there is more brown or black pigment
  49. onychia, paraonychia
    inflammation around the nail bed
  50. pediculosis
  51. pemphigus
    idiopathic condition where the person has blisters all over the body and can go into shock if they burst
  52. psoriasis
    silvery grey scales and red patches on the skin
  53. pyogenic
    producing pus
  54. rubella
    German measles
  55. scabies
    caused by a spider that borrows under the skin
  56. scleroderma
    idiopathic connective tissue disease that causes skin to harden
  57. steatoma
    a tumor within the sebaceous gland
  58. systemic lupus erythematosus
    a disorder that affects the joints and skin that starts off as a rash under the eyes that give a wolf-like appearance
  59. tinea
    a fungus infection known as "ringworm"
  60. trichomycosis
    a fungus infection affecting hair in the arm pit and pubic area
  61. basal cell carcinoma
    tumor of the skin that look like pearls
  62. squamous cell carcinoma
    tumor of the skin that look like brown rough spots
  63. melanoma
    mole-like cancer that can transfer to other organs
  64. keloid
    abnormally big scar that started from a small wound
  65. nevus
  66. uticaria, hives, nettle rash
    characterized by "wheal" marking, possibly allergic reaction
  67. verruca
  68. cryosurgery of skin
    "cold knife", to freeze off the lesion
  69. dermabrasion
    to "sandpaper" off a layer of skin
  70. electrodessication
    electricity used to "burn" off or "spark" off skin
  71. incision and drainage
    to puncture and drain the fluid
  72. laser therapy
    using intense light
  73. Mohs surgery
    to remove as little as possible needed to clear the cancer. May have to do again if the border is not clear.
  74. rhytidectomy
    removal of wrinkles
  75. rhytidoplasty
    surgical repair of wrinkles
  76. anular
    ring shaped
  77. bullae
    very large blister
  78. café-au-lait spots
    brown, flat spots that kind of look like coffee stains
  79. causalgia
    burning sensation
  80. chloasma
    light brown/yellow type of melanoderma
  81. cicatrix
    normal scar
  82. cicatrization
    formation of scar
  83. comedo
    black head
  84. confluent
    opposite of discrete (meaning no definite boundaries), spots/lesions are joined together
  85. cyst
    fluid filled sac
  86. diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  87. discoid
    looks like a disk
  88. discrete
    lesions separated by definite boundaries
  89. ecchymosis
  90. excoriation
    a scratch
  91. fissure
    a crack
  92. intertriginous
    between two folds of skin
  93. leukoplakia
    white plaque on the cheek or tongue
  94. macule
    spot (freckles)
  95. milia
    white nodules around the eyes
  96. nodule
    a bump/growth greater than 1cm on the skin
  97. papule
  98. petechiae
    looks like a bruise/extravascation - the blood has exited the blood vessels... can be caused by drugs
  99. polyp
    pedunculated (looks like a mushroom), sessile (embedded in)
  100. proliferation
    multiply rapidly
  101. pustule
    elevation with pus /  abscess collection of pus
  102. putrefaction
    to rot
  103. seborrheal, seborrheic
  104. serpinginous
    a mark that creeps like a snake
  105. vesication, vesiculation
    a blister
  106. wheal
    the shape of hives
  107. ulcer
    erosion/open sore
  108. bx
  109. CC
    chief complaint
  110. Dx
  111. FH
    family history
  112. PH
    patient history
  113. PI
    present illness
  114. Rx
  115. TPR
    temperature, pulse, respiration
  116. allergen
    something that causes an allergic reaction
  117. allergy
    reaction to allergen
  118. skin patch test
    allergy test using patches applied to the skin to check for allergic reaction
  119. skin scratch test
    to rub allergen into the skin to test for allergic reaction
  120. Pharmacist
    prepares and dispenses drugs (Doctorate of  Pharmacology)
  121. Pharmacologist
    MD or PhD,  researches drugs for drug companies
  122. Toxicology
    poisons and antidotes
  123. Generic
    a drug product that is comparable to the brand name version
  124. Brand name
    the original formula from the original company
  125. Chemical
    numerical designation for a drug
  126. what the U S Food and Drug Administration ( F D A) does
    test and approve drugs
  127. Hospital Formulary
    a list of all drugs available
  128. Physician's Desk Reference ( PDR)
    drug reference book
  129. Antagonistic
    drugs that work against each other
  130. Synergistic
    drugs that work together and create a greater reaction
  131. Tolerance
    requires more of the drug to get the same reaction
  132. Addiction
    to need the drug in order to function
  133. Idiosyncratic
    a strange reaction to the drug
  134. Anaphylaxis
    an allergic reaction to the drug
  135. Iatrogenic
    a bad reaction because of a mistake
  136. Contraindication
  137. Analgesic
    pain killer
  138. Anesthetics
    takes away sense of feeling
  139. Antibiotics
    kills bacterial infection
  140. Anticoagulants
    prevents clots
  141. Antidotes
    works against poison
  142. Antihistamines
    anti allergy
  143. Antipruritics
    anti itch
  144. Antipyretics
    against fever
  145. Diuretics
    removes fluids
  146. Sedate (sedative)
    put to sleep
  147. Tranquilizers
    to cause to calm down
  148. Oral
    to take by mouth
  149. Sublingual
    under the tongue
  150. Rectal
  151. Parenteral
  152. Inhalation
    to breath in
  153. Topical
    applied on the surface of the skin such as antiseptic,  antipruritics, and patch
  154. Intrahecal
    into the spine
  155. NSAID
    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  156. 6  functions of the skin
    • 1)  protects
    • 2) regulates temperature
    • 3)  rids toxin
    • 4)  stores fat
    • 5)  sense organ
    • 6)  waterproof
  157. features of the epidermis
    • melanin - brown and black pigment
    •  carotene - shades of yellow pigment
  158. features and characteristics of the dermis
    if you bleed, the injury had reached the dermis. nerves found here.  you find sudoriferous  glands ( sweat glands) and sebaceous glands here.
  159. function of thesubcutaneous tissue (adipose tissue)
    stores fat
Card Set
medical terminology week 4
medical terminology week 4