APUSH Chapter 24&25

  1. government power can be used to promote social welfare (1930's New Deal), liberal use of state power.
    Social Welfare Liberalism
  2. Group of expert policy advisers who worked with FDR in the 1930s to end the great depression
    Brain Trust
  3. (FDR) 1933 , gave the President power over the banking system and set up a system by which banks would be reorganized or reopened., HUNDRED DAYS STARTS
    Emergency Banking Act
  4. Headed the National Union for Social Justice. Began as a religious radio broadcaster, but turned to politics and finance and attracted an audiance of millions from many faiths. Promoted inflationary currency, anti-sematism.
    Father Coughlin
  5. As senator in 1932 of Washington preached his "Share Our Wealth" programs. It was a 100% tax on all annual incomes over $1 million and appropriation of all fortunes in excess of $5 million. With this money Long proposed to give every American family a comfortable income, etc
    Huey Long
  6. 1935; established National Labor Relations Board; protected the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands.
    Wagner Act
  7. attempt by Roosevelt to appoint one new Supreme Court justice for every sitting justice over the age of 70 who had been there for at least 10 years. Wanted to prevent justices from dismantling the new deal. Plan died in congress and made opponents of New Deal inflamed.
    Court Packing
  8. Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms.
    Keynesian Economics
  9. 1927-1993. Farm worker, labor leader, and civil-rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers.
    C├ęsar Chavez
  10. Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
    Dust Bowl
  11. Set during the Great Depression, this novel focuses on a poor family of sharecroppers driven from their home by drought, economic hardship, and changes in the agriculture industry.
    The Grapes of Wrath
  12. This act made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any country at war in preparation to a militaristic world
    Neutrality Act of 1935
  13. 1939. Law passed by Congress which allowed a nation at war to purchase goods and arms in US as long as they paid cash and carried merchandise on their own ships. This benefited the Allies, because Britain was dominant naval power.
    "cash and carry" policy
  14. A committee organized by isolationists before WWII, who wished to spare American lives. They wanted to protect America before we went to war in another country. Charles A. Lindbergh (the aviator) was its most effective speaker.
    America First Committee
  15. Approve by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
    Lend-Lease Act
  16. 1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war
    Atlantic Charter
  17. Japan offered to liberate Southeast-Asian countries from western colonial rule but instead used them as conquered land for natural resources
    Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
  18. During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers
    War Production Board
  19. a board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war
    National War Labor Board
  20. FDR issued this committee in 1941 to enforce the policy of prohibiting employment-related discrimination practices by federal agencies, unions, and companies involved in war-related work It guaranteed the employment of 2 million black workers in the war factories.
    Fair Employment Practices Commission
  21. Also known as Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veternas to study in colleges, universities, gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business
    GI Bill of Rights
  22. Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
    Harry Truman
  23. a series of films designed to explain to American servicemen and civilians what the war against the Axis powers meant to the future of democracy
    "Why We Fight"
  24. Roosevelt signed a document Feb. 19,1942 stating that all people of Japanese ancestry from California and parts of Washington, Oregon, and Arizona, needed to be removed. Put them in internment camps because of their fear for another attack by the Japanese.
    Japanese Internment
  25. 1944 Supreme Court Case that said the government was justified in its internment of the Japanese because it was a circumstance of "emergency and peril."
    Korematsu v. the United States
  26. leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School
    Dwight Eisenhower
  27. 1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
    Yalta Conference
  28. code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
    Manhattan Project
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Card Set
APUSH Chapter 24&25
Modern Times, Redefining Liberalism: The New Deal