Emerging diseases

  1. Emerging disease vs. Re- emerging disease
    • Emerging disease- disease not previously seen or identified
    • Re- emerging diseases- identified diseases that have a significant recurrence. These diseases will present unforeseen medical and public health challenges to future generations
  2. Reasons of Emerging diseases
    Microbial adaptation and change, Human susceptibility to infection, Changes in climate and weather, Changes in ecosystems, Human demographics and behavior, Economic development an land use, International travel and commerce, Technology and industry, Breakdown of public health measures, Poverty and social inequality, Lack of political will, Bioterrorism
  3. Examples of Emerging diseases
    West Nile Virus, SARS, HIV, Ebola, Nipha virus, Hantavirus
  4. Factors determining emerging infections
    • population growth, increased industrialization, increased fuel consumption, forest destruction, increased irrigation, increased refugees
    • these casue malnutrtion and increased vectors
  5. Re- emerging diseases
    Malaria, Cholera, Tuberculosis
Card Set
Emerging diseases
final review