1. I.                   Limiting the Spread of Industrialization in the Nonindustrialized World
    Before 1870
    • a.      Before 1870, industrialization that developed in w. and c. Europe and US didn’t extend to rest of world, including E. Europe
    •                                                               i.      Russia: rural and agricultural; autocratic rulers kept serfdom
    • 1.      Not much of a middle class, and tsarist regime, fearful of change, preferred to import industrial goods in return for export of raw materials
  2. Example of India
    •                                                               i.      Where there was control, newly industrialized European states pursued deliberate policy of preventing the growth of mechanized industry
    •                                                             ii.      Example: India
    • 1.      18th c: India one of world’s greatest exporters of cotton cloth produced by hand labor
    • 2.      First half of 19th: much of India under British East India Company
    • a.      Brit controlà inexpensive British factory-produced textilesà thousands of Indian spinners and hand-loom weavers unemployed
  3. British policy
    • 1.      British policy encouraged Indians to export raw materials and buy Brit goods
    • 2.      Some limited forms of industrial factories for making textiles and jute opened in India in 1850s, but lack  of local capital and advantages given to British imports limited growth of new manufacturing operations
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