EMT 1/4

  1. abadonment
    leaving a patient after care has been initiated and before the patient has been transferred to someone with equal or greater medical training.
  2. advance directive
    a DNR order; instructions written in advance of an event
  3. assault
    placing a person in fear of bodily harm
  4. battery
    causing bodily harm to or restraining a person
  5. confidentiality
    the obligation not to reveal information obtained about a patient except to other health care professionals involved in the patient's care, or under subpoena, or in a court of law, or when the patient has signed a release of confidentiality
  6. consent
    permission from the patient for care or other action by the EMT
  7. crime scene
    the location where a crime has been committed or any place that evidence relating to a crime may be found
  8. do not resuscitate (DNR) order
    a legal document, usually signed by the patient and his physician, which states taht the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitative efforts
  9. duty to act
    an obligation to provide care to a patient
  10. ethical
    regarding a social system or social or professional expectations for applying priciples of right and wrong
  11. expressed consent
    consent given by adults who are of legal age and mentally competent to make a reational decision in regard to their medical well-being
  12. good samaritan laws
    a series of lows, varying in each state, disigned to proide limited legal protection for citizens and some health care personnel when they are admisinstering emergency care
  13. HIPAA
    the health insurance portability and accountability act, a federal law protecting the privacy of patient-specific health care information and providing the patient with control over how this information is used and distributed
  14. implied consent
    the consent it is presumed a patient or patient's parent or guardian would give if they could, such as for an unconscious patient or a parent who cannot be contated when care is needed
  15. in loco parentis
    in place of the parents, indicating a person who may give consent for care of a child when the parents are not present or abelt o give consent
  16. liability
    being held legally responsible
  17. libel
    false or injurious information in written form
  18. moral
    regarding personal standards or principles of right and wrong
  19. negligence
    a finding of failure to act properly in a situation in which there was a duty to act, that needed care as would reasonably be expected of the EMT was not provided, and that harm was caused to the patient as a result
  20. organ donor
    a person who has completed a legal document that allows for donation of organs and tissues in the event of death
  21. res ipsa loquitur
    a latin term meaning "the thing speaks for itself"
  22. safe haven law
    a law that permits a person to drop off an infant or child at a police, fire, or EMS station or to deliver the infant or child to any available public safety personnel. the intent of the law is to protect children who may otherwise be abandoned or harmed
  23. scope of practice
    a set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the scope, or etent and limits, of the EMTs job
  24. slander
    false or injurious information stated verbally
  25. standard of care
    for an EMT providing care for a specific patient in a specific situation, the care that would be expected to be provided by an EMT with similar training when caring for a patient in a similar situation
  26. tort
    a civil, not a criminal, offense; an action or injury caused by negligence from which a lawsuit may arise
Card Set
EMT 1/4
EMT module 1 chapter 4