Social Timeline

  1. 1869-1870
    • The Metis led Red River Resistance resulted in the Manitoba Act
    • Established Manitoba as a bilingual province
    • Act specified Metis would recieve over 500 000km in land, in addition to the farms they'd established along the Red River
    • Held education rights for Catholics and Protestants
  2. 1875-1879
    • Canada's government issues scrip to Metis, instead of lands in Manitoba
    • Canada's governments view was that Metis don't have the same rights to land as First Nations
    • Metis percpective was that they have rights to land as an Aboriginal People
  3. 1885
    • Northwest Resistance sought to protect Metis land as the railways and settlers moved into western Canada
    • For Metis it was a way to assert their rights
    • For Canada's government it was an attempt to overthrow Canada's authority
  4. 1896-1910
    • Metis settlers established farms at St. Paul, Alberta on land provided by the Catholic Church
    • Metis didn't have title to this land and had to leave when the settlement was closed
  5. 1938
    • L'association des Metis de l'Alberta et des Territoires du Tord-Ouest lobbied Alberta's government to set aside land for the Metis
    • Alberta's government passed the Metis Population Betterment Act in 1938, which established 12 temporary Metis settlements
    • First time in Canada's history that a government provided Metis with land 
  6. 1940-1960
    • Temporary settlements didn't give Metis control of the land
    • 4 were unsuitable for farming, hunting and fishing
    • Settlements were closed and went back to the governemnt
  7. 1982
    • Metis lobbied for recognition in Canada's Constitution
    • When the Constitution was patriated, it included section 35, which recognizes the Metis as one of Canada's Aboriginal Peoples with rights
  8. 1990
    • Alberta's government enacted legislation under which the Metis recieved the Metis Settlements as a permanent land base with the right to manage their own affairs
    • The legislation included the CAAA, the MSAIA, the MSA and the MSLPA
    • Metis recieved the right to participate in the developement of oil and gas resources on settlement land
  9. 2003
    Supreme Court ruled that Metis have the right to hunt and fish as one of Canada's aboriginal peoples under the Constitution
  10. 2004
    • In 2 seperate negotiations the MSGC and MNA struck agreements with Alberta's governments recognizing Metis hunting and fishing rights (without licenses)
    • In 2007 Alberta government put rules in place that restriced these rights without agreement from the Metis organizations
  11. CAAA
    Constitution of Alberta Amendment Act
  12. MSAIA
    Metis Settlements Accord Implementation Act
  13. MSA
    Metis Settlements Act
  14. MSLPA
    Metis Settlements Land Protection Act
  15. MNA
    Metis Nation of Alberta
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Social Timeline