chapter 1 flash cards.txt

  1. What is the process of communication?
  2. What are the 2 channels you can send or recieve info?
    visual and auditory
  3. What are the two types of noises?
    internal and external
  4. what is a declamation?
    delivery of a already famous speech
  5. what is elocution?
    expression of emotion th rough posture, movement, gestures, and faciel expressions
  6. 3 things to considor to narrow your topic?
    • who is the audience
    • the occasion
    • what are the interests, talents, and experience?
  7. what are some ways to build your confidence?
    • dont procrastinate, know your audience
    • be preparerd, develop a well organized speech,
    • know your intro and conclusion, take deep breaths
  8. how are listening barriers formed?
    • when you fail to select,
    • to attend
    • to understand
    • to remember
  9. As a speaker how do you keep your audience from tuning you out?
    • deliver a clear message
    • use interesting and vivid material
    • building redundancy into your messages.
  10. What is reciever apprehension?
    the fear of not understanding something
  11. What do you do as a speaker to help with receiver apprehension?
    be more redundant and offer clear preview statments.
  12. What should you never do when listining to a speech?
    avoid jumping to conclusions, let the speaker finish
  13. what are some of the goals a listener could have?
    • listen for pleasure
    • listen to empathize
    • listen to evaluate
    • listen for information
  14. What are the 5 things you must do to listen to empathize?
    • stop
    • look
    • listen
    • imagine
    • check
  15. what are the 4 listening styles?
    • people-oriented listeners
    • action-oriented listeners
    • content-oriented listeners
    • time-oriented listener
  16. what is a people-oriented listener?
    comfortable listening to other's feelings and emotions
  17. what is a action-oriented listener?
    listen for actions that need to be taken
  18. what is a content-oriented listener?
    prefer to listen to complex info, reject messages that dont have good support
  19. what is a time-oriented listener?
    someone who likes to listen to short messages.
  20. what are some things you can do to become an active listener?
    • re-sort disorganized ideas
    • rephase ideas
    • repeat key points
    • look for structure of the message
  21. What is an interference?
    a conclusion based on partial information.
  22. what is the demographics of your audience?
    age, race, gender education level and religious views.
  23. what is socioeconomic status?
    what a person's status is depending on income, education, and occupation.
  24. what is a target audience?
    a section of your audience that you want to target
  25. what are the 5 ways you can organize your speech?
    • chronological
    • topical
    • spatial
    • cause-effect
    • problem-solution
  26. what is the principle of primacy?
    putting your most convincing ideas first.
  27. what is the order you must incorporate researched material?
    • state the point
    • cite the source of the material
    • present supporting material
    • explain how the supporting materials help
  28. what is soft evidence
    hypothetical illustrations, explanations, definitions, analogies
  29. what is hard evidince?
    facts and statistics
  30. what are sign posts?
    • transitions
    • previews
    • summaries
  31. what is an ethnic vernacular
    ex. spanglish
  32. what is regionalisms?
    • woreds or phrases specific to one part of the country but rarely used
    • in other places
  33. what is jargon?
    specialized language of your profession or hobby
  34. what is alliteration?
    repetition of consonant sounds
Card Set
chapter 1 flash cards.txt
public speaking test 1