What is the process of communication?
What are the 2 channels you can send or recieve info?
visual and auditory
What are the two types of noises?
internal and external
what is a declamation?
delivery of a already famous speech
what is elocution?
expression of emotion th rough posture, movement, gestures, and faciel expressions
3 things to considor to narrow your topic?
- who is the audience
- the occasion
- what are the interests, talents, and experience?
what are some ways to build your confidence?
- dont procrastinate, know your audience
- be preparerd, develop a well organized speech,
- know your intro and conclusion, take deep breaths
how are listening barriers formed?
- when you fail to select,
- to attend
- to understand
- to remember
As a speaker how do you keep your audience from tuning you out?
- deliver a clear message
- use interesting and vivid material
- building redundancy into your messages.
What is reciever apprehension?
the fear of not understanding something
What do you do as a speaker to help with receiver apprehension?
be more redundant and offer clear preview statments.
What should you never do when listining to a speech?
avoid jumping to conclusions, let the speaker finish
what are some of the goals a listener could have?
- listen for pleasure
- listen to empathize
- listen to evaluate
- listen for information
What are the 5 things you must do to listen to empathize?
what are the 4 listening styles?
- people-oriented listeners
- action-oriented listeners
- content-oriented listeners
- time-oriented listener
what is a people-oriented listener?
comfortable listening to other's feelings and emotions
what is a action-oriented listener?
listen for actions that need to be taken
what is a content-oriented listener?
prefer to listen to complex info, reject messages that dont have good support
what is a time-oriented listener?
someone who likes to listen to short messages.
what are some things you can do to become an active listener?
- re-sort disorganized ideas
- rephase ideas
- repeat key points
- look for structure of the message
What is an interference?
a conclusion based on partial information.
what is the demographics of your audience?
age, race, gender education level and religious views.
what is socioeconomic status?
what a person's status is depending on income, education, and occupation.
what is a target audience?
a section of your audience that you want to target
what are the 5 ways you can organize your speech?
what is the principle of primacy?
putting your most convincing ideas first.
what is the order you must incorporate researched material?
- state the point
- cite the source of the material
- present supporting material
- explain how the supporting materials help
what is soft evidence
hypothetical illustrations, explanations, definitions, analogies
what is hard evidince?
facts and statistics
what are sign posts?
what is an ethnic vernacular
what is regionalisms?
- woreds or phrases specific to one part of the country but rarely used
- in other places
what is jargon?
specialized language of your profession or hobby
what is alliteration?
repetition of consonant sounds