Chapter 11 vocab

  1. the literal or dictionary meaning of a word or phrase
    denotative meaning
  2. the meaning suggested by the associations or emotions triggered by a word or phrase
    connotative meaning
  3. a book of synonyms
  4. words that refer to tangible objects
    concrete words
  5. words that refer to ideas or concepts
    abstract words
  6. discourse that takes many more words than are necessary to express and idea
  7. the use of vivid language to create mental images of objects, actions, or ideas
  8. an explicit comparison, introduced with the word "like" or "as" between things that are essentially different yet have something in common
  9. a trite of overused expression
  10. an implicit comparison, not introduces with the word "like" or "as" between two things that are essentially different yet have something in common
  11. the pattern of sound in a speech created by the choice and arrangement of words
  12. the similar arrangement of a pair or series of related words, phrases, or sentences
  13. reiteration of the same word or set of words at the beginning or end of successive clauses or sentences
  14. repetition of the initial consonant sound of close or adjoining words
  15. the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually in parallel structure
  16. language that does not stereotype, demean, or patronize people on the basis of gender, race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or other factors
    inclusive language
  17. the use of he to refer to both women and men
    generic "he"
  18. What are the two kinds of word meanings?
    • denotative
    • connotative
  19. What are three ways to use language clearly?
    • Use familiar words
    • Choose concrete words
    • Eliminate clutter
  20. What are two ways to use language vividly?
    • Imagery: concrete words, simile, metaphor
    • Rhythm: parallelism, repetition, alliteration, antithesis
  21. What are the four appropriates of language?
    • occasion
    • audience
    • topic
    • speaker
  22. What are the four notes for using inclusive language?
    • avoid the generic "he"
    • avoid the use of "man" when referring to women and men
    • avoid stereotyping jobs and special roles by gender
    • use names that groups use to identify themselves
Card Set
Chapter 11 vocab